Cirrhosis - a disease in which there is a gradual and significant reduction in working cells of the liver and their replacement with fibrous tissue. As a result of this process, the structure and functions of the liver change, which ultimately leads to hepatic insufficiency and the development of portal hypertension. In other words, healthy liver cells die, hepatic tissue is replaced by a connective tissue, nodes are formed in the liver, the whole of its structure changes, functions are disrupted. The prognosis of the disease is unfavorable - it usually ends with a lethal outcome.
Cirrhosis of the liver affects men more often, especially after 40 years . In patients with chronic alcoholism, cirrhosis often occurs asymptomatically.
Symptoms of cirrhosis There are almost no specific features.
Those that are, can be manifestations of other diseases. However, in combination, the following signs may suggest an idea of the present cirrhosis of the liver.
The first appear a decline in performance, fatigue, a desire to sleep, even after a normal long sleep. With such symptoms, they rarely consult a doctor, the doctor sees patients at more serious stages of the disease.
After a while, other signs of liver cirrhosis
are added to fatigue. Slows down the speed of thinking, memory decreases. This is due to brain toxins from the liver. Mucous membranes, skin, eyes become icteric. The shade can range from mild to severe. As a result of the ingestion of excessive amounts of bile acids, skin pruritus appears. The integuments lose elasticity, are dried up. On the palms appears palmar erythema - redness of the palm surface. Alopecia, with, not only the head, but also the legs, and the groin area. The patient begins to worry dyspeptic symptoms: belching, heaviness in the abdomen, nausea, alternating diarrhea and constipation. Due to the accumulation of ascites in the abdomen, it increases in size. Throughout the body appear bruises (bruises), vascular asterisks (red weave of blood vessels). On the stomach, there is a vascular pattern in the form of a weave of blue branches - the so-called. "The head of the jellyfish." The tongue becomes bright crimson with a smooth, like a varnish surface. The urine darkens, the feces get light. The patient is concerned about bleeding hemorrhoids, as well as varicose veins. The liver becomes large, dense, painful, with a sharp edge, knobby tuberous surface. In the last stage of the disease again decreases. The body temperature rises. Reduces sexual desire, men develop gynecomastia - an increase in mammary glands.