Fatty infiltration of the liver: causes, symptoms, treatment

Fatty infiltration of the liver is called steatosis. What is the infiltration of the liver and how to treat it - read on.

Fatty infiltration of the liver is a consequence of the accumulation in the liver cells of fats triglycerides and others. Fat in severe cases of infiltration can account for almost 40% of the liver, while only 5% of the liver is considered the norm.

In this case, the whole liver can reach 5 kilograms at a rate of 1.5 kg. In unopened cases, fatty infiltration can be temporary and proceed painlessly. In the most severe cases, serious pain in the liver appears, which begins to fail, resulting in the death of the patient.

But nevertheless, fatty infiltration of the liver with careful treatment and refusal of alcohol is a reversible phenomenon.

The causes of the development of liver infiltration

This disease usually accompanies such alcoholism, and the degree of severity of infiltration directly depends on the amount of alcohol taken.

What causes liver infiltration?

This pathology often results in the accumulation of a large amount of fluid in the abdominal cavity, which is called ascites. At the same time, the hands of the person and his chest become unhealthy, become exhausted and lethargic. Insufficient nutrition, especially protein foods, as well as diabetes, obesity, high doses of drugs, prolonged intravenous nutrition, pregnancy, Cushing's syndrome and Reye also leads to ascites.

Symptoms of fatty liver infiltration

Symptomatology depends on the severity of the liver damage. At the initial stage in many people, steatosis of the liver does not give any symptoms. In some, palpation of the liver increases soreness. The most typical symptoms are: with massive infiltration - pain in the upper right side of the abdomen, with liver damage and a decrease in the functioning of the gallbladder - swelling, fever. Less common are nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite.

Treatment of fatty liver infiltration

Treatment consists in eliminating and correcting the causes of hepatic steatosis. If the cause that caused infiltration is intravenous prolonged nutrition, then the rate of entry into the vein of the solution with carbohydrates should be reduced, and the position will recover. If steatosis is a consequence of alcoholism, proper nutrition and total refusal of alcoholic beverages will bring the liver in order within a month. You may need a special diet with lots of protein.

Thus, if the patient will strictly observe all the prescriptions and recommendations of the doctor.

Here are some general recommendations:

  • If a person suffers from diabetes, he and his family should learn all the information about precautions when using insulin injections, as well as physical activities and diet;

  • If you are overweight, you should follow a diet that does not deprive people of nutrients, especially proteins. When switching to a special diet, it is advisable to receive periodic medical advice.