The purpose of the diet for liver cirrhosis is to restore liver cells and prevent further development of the disease and possible complications.
The diet should be prescribed by a doctor taking into account the type of cirrhosis, because the disease can have a compensated or decompensated flow. In addition, the functional capabilities of the liver, as well as the presence of other diseases or complications are taken into account.
When the liver still has the ability to fight the ammonia accumulated in the body, it is a compensated form of cirrhosis. At the same time, the diet should contain foods that contain a sufficient number of high-grade proteins with essential amino acids and lipotropic substances. Such products include cottage cheese, fresh and sour milk, beef, lean fish, egg white, buckwheat, millet, oatmeal and soy flour. A large amount of protein is extremely necessary in cases where cirrhosis is caused by excessive alcohol consumption and low protein content in the blood. The protein has the property to strengthen the body's resistance and increases the regenerative capacity of the liver cells.
Decompensated cirrhosis is characterized by the lack of the ability of the liver to neutralize ammonia, and in the pre-coma it is necessary to sharply reduce protein intake, it should not exceed thirty grams per day, and in the absence of improvement, it is generally necessary to exclude proteins from your menu.
You can eat up to ninety grams of fat per day, but this amount should be specified by the doctor, taking into account the patient's condition. However, in any case, most of the fats must be of vegetable origin, and the remaining fats must be milk. It is necessary to completely exclude animal fats, especially lamb, beef and goose. If there is diarrhea, nausea and vomiting, jaundice, fat should be eliminated completely.
The necessary carbohydrates in the food should come in quantities ranging from forty to four hundred and fifty grams, including simple carbohydrates (up to one hundred grams), these are sugar and sweets. If cirrhosis occurs against a background of obesity, then carbohydrates should be limited.
The resolved products with cirrhosis are baked
The allowed products are:
Prohibited foods with a diet of
Among the banned products was:
If the patient has swelling and ascites, then consumption of liquids and salt should be reduced (up to two to five grams). The use of diuretics can lead to a deficiency of potassium in the body, and in this case it is necessary to increase the amount of consumed fruits (including dried fruits) and vegetables.
In this case, the disease is possible and constipation, for the prevention of which you need carrots, beets, prunes, apricots, milk, one-day kefir and honey, but if the disease shows a tendency to diarrhea, the consumption of such products on the contrary, must be drastically reduced.
Complication of cirrhosis of the liver and nutrition
If the patient has a serious condition, then a diet is chosen from digestible carbohydrates, vitamins, and a lot of liquid should be used. Meals should be taken every two to three hours, portions should be small. In this case, fruit, berry and vegetable juices or compotes are prescribed, soft, sweet tea with lemon, rose hips infusion, honey, jelly, jam. With the improvement of the state, you can eat grated soups, butter, cottage cheese, drink milk.
In addition, the diet should be prescribed, taking into account the patient's preferences, since his appetite may deteriorate noticeably. In addition to berries, fruits and juices, vegetable salads with vegetable oil are also good. The proteins should be filled with the help of cottage cheese, soft-boiled eggs, boiled fish and fermented milk products.
Very useful loading days on berries, fruits, cottage cheese and kefir, which can be organized once a week.