Hepatomegaly - this is essentially an increase in the liver in size, which in itself is not a disease, but is only a consequence of some disease and its manifestation.
Our liver performs a silent feat every day, passing through itself and then decomposing a huge amount of toxic exchange products into non-toxic constituents, which are then excreted with feces and urine from our body. Toxic substances are neutralized precisely in the baking, where the corresponding chemical reactions take place.
When hepatitis (inflammatory lesions of liver tissue), as well as with cirrhosis (the replacement of hepatic tissue with connective tissue), and usually begins to increase the liver. At this time, cysts and tumors appear and grow in it, parasitic diseases develop. All this occurs against the background of accumulation in the liver of products of improper metabolism and often against the background of existing diseases of the cardiovascular system (stagnation of blood in the hepatic veins). With all these conditions and diseases, liver hepatomegaly proceeds in different ways.
So, what are the signs and symptoms of liver hepatomegaly?
As you know, the liver is located in the right side - the right upper part of our abdominal cavity and serves as the digestive gland. A healthy liver in the usual state weighs one and a half kilograms or slightly more. The first sign of hepatomegaly of the liver can be considered a feeling that the patient usually describes as "something hinders in the side to the right." When a person changes the position of the body, he can palpate a tight lump in the abdominal cavity.
With hepatomegaly, there are always dyspeptic phenomena - nausea, heartburn, changes in stool, putrefactive unpleasant odor from the mouth. In addition, the skin turns yellow, the sclera appears jaundice. On the skin you can see the characteristic "stars". Mucous membranes and skin itch. Ascid can develop, that is, the accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity, which has transuduced from the vessels.
What to do?
If you notice similar symptoms and signs of liver hepatomegaly, ask your doctor for help. The doctor will determine the degree of increase, density and state of the liver boundaries at palpation. You need to inform the doctor about all existing and previously suffered diseases, as well as about existing bad habits, conditions of life and work, about intoxications.
The doctor will send you to the survey : in these cases, instrumental and laboratory studies are conducted - ultrasound, magnetic resonance imaging. These studies will help to identify the condition of the bile duct.
In addition, you will need to pass a biochemical blood test that will evaluate the functional and enzymatic state of your liver.