Helminths: symptoms

The problem of worms is not only childish, as it is commonly believed. A lot of adults are infected with helminths. According to official data, about a billion people in the world suffer from helminthic invasions. Therefore, it is extremely important to know the main symptoms of the disease in order to recognize the disease in time and start treatment.

What is the problem

Helminths - a large group of worms (total number about 300 species), leading a parasitic way of existence. Parasitizing in the human body, helminths take away some of the nutrients from it, injure internal organs while poisoning the human body with the products of their vital activity.

The most common infection is round worms - pinworms and ascarids. The development of individuals of ascarids occurs in the case of their eggs falling into the soil, so infection from a person is impossible. However, non-compliance with hygiene rules - unwashed hands, the presence of flies in the apartment, the use of poorly washed greens, fruits, vegetables - promotes their spread.

Influence of helminths on the state of the organism

The complex of symptoms is formed depending on the specific type of parasites.

  • Clay invasion does not always be immediately recognizable, since in some cases helminthiasis manifests itself in the form of general symptoms characteristic of many diseases. These symptoms include general malaise, tenderness in the abdomen, poor appetite, a change in taste preferences.

  • In addition, helminthic invasion is often masked for anemia, intoxication of incomprehensible origin, persistent allergic manifestations.

  • When helminthiasis affects the work of the digestive tract: frequent disorders of stools in the form of constipation or diarrhea, or their alternations.

  • In their habitats, helminths provoke the development of inflammatory phenomena-it happens in the intestines, liver ducts, bile ducts.

  • An accumulation of worms can cause any surgical pathology, for example, appendicitis or intestinal obstruction.

  • Specific features

    For helminthiasis and enterobiosis caused by pinworms, itching is characteristic of the anus of the anus at night. The female pinworm then descends into the rectum and emerges from the anus to lay eggs. It is important to know that helminths can crawl from the anus into the vagina, causing vulvovaginitis. This can happen in both girls and adult women. During the examination of the anus, children can see traces of scratching.

    During their maturation, ascarids migrate in the human body, causing certain symptoms. So, staying in the intestine, ascarids cause pain in the abdomen and stool disorders. Staying in the respiratory system - in the lungs or larynx - they cause a wet cough, which appears most often at night. In the absence of other symptoms of a cold or acute respiratory disease, an obsessive night wet cough should suggest the presence of helminths in the body.

    Also it is necessary to pay attention and assume the presence of worms, if there are long-term processes that are not amenable to treatment:

  • periodically arising pains in a stomach or belly on a course of an intestine;

  • weight loss;

  • changes in skin to dryness;

  • the appearance of allergic rash;

  • increased lymph nodes;

  • periodic temperature increase.

  • Preparations for the treatment of helminthiasis

    Diagnosis of helminthiosis, and even more so the isolation of a particular species of helminths, causes certain difficulties. Therefore, it is better to treat the treatment with a broad-spectrum drug that is detrimental to many types of helminths, including the most common ones. Such preparations include, for example, Aldazol. It is convenient in family use: in the package are three tablets - one for each family member consisting of three people. Adjust the dose for children is not required.