Analysis of feces for eggs of worms or helminths is a common microscopic study that allows to reveal eggs of worms that provoke the development of helminthiosis. In most cases, helminthiasis is caused by flat or round worms. The analysis of feces for eggs of helminths helps to diagnose trichinosis, ascaridosis and ankylostomosis.
Analysis of feces for eggs of worms doctors prescribe at the appearance of suspicion of helminthiosis, as well as during examinations, for example, for the registration of a medical book, for admission to pre-school educational institutions, during pregnancy.
Symptoms of parasitic infection may include prolonged diarrhea, blood and mucus in the stool, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, may cause headache, fever.
How to collect feces for analysis?
It is very important to properly assemble the material for analysis and to obtain reliable results. You will need a container with a tight-fitting lid, a spatula for collection of feces, and, strictly speaking, the feces themselves. The container can be purchased at a pharmacy or using a glass jar from under the baby food.
Before collecting the material, it is necessary to empty the bladder, wash the crotch with soap and dry it with a clean towel. The admixture of urine in the stool can affect the reliability of the result of the analysis. Using a spoon or spatula, fill the container with feces a third. Take the container to the laboratory as soon as possible.
In polyclinics, the tests are generally taken up to 10-11 am. If the analysis of feces for eggs of worms is necessary to hand over to the child, it is not necessary to require the baby to empty the intestines at seven in the morning. If the child went to the pot in the evening, collect the material, close the container tightly and put it in the refrigerator. Collection of material should be made from different parts of the stool, that is not only from the side, but also from the middle, from above.
Before giving the test, give up drugs that have a laxative effect and enema. The process of defecation should be natural.
What to do when a parasite is found?
If the analysis of feces for eggs of helminths is positive, the specialist diagnoses parasitic infection. Parasites, eggs must be counted and identified, which allows us to assess the severity of the disease and to prescribe the right treatment. As a rule, a person has one type of parasite, but there may be several. When helminth eggs are found, to be examined and, if necessary, treated, all family members are needed. A month after the treatment the doctor prescribes a second analysis to check the effectiveness of treatment, a few days later another test is performed on the eggs of the worms.