What is a hemorrhage in the eye?
Hemorrhage in the eye is a process that occurs as a result of mechanical damage to the walls of the vessels or damage caused by pathology.
The reasons for its occurrence
The most common causes are eye injuries and concussion. So, damage can be direct - upon impact to the eye, and resulting from the damage to the orbit or skull - upon impact to the head. In case of a head injury, bleeding into the eye occurs as a result of exposure to surrounding tissues. The emergence of this process can be triggered by trauma to the trunk and sternum. It is important to understand that the severity of contusions can not be determined by symptoms: a trauma that at first sight seems insignificant can lead to serious consequences. In addition, the organs of vision can often suffer as a result of getting a brain injury.
Depending on the degree of severity, these types of concussion are distinguished:
Hemorrhage in the eye can occur not only after mechanical damage, but also as a result of the pathological processes in the body - diseases of certain systems and internal organs. In this case, there may be a violation of blood circulation and vascular damage.
Atherosclerosis and high blood pressure can cause condensation of the venous walls and narrowing of the arteries. Over time, pathology leads to loss of elasticity of blood vessels, as a result - they become brittle. Their elasticity can be adversely affected by the presence of ulcers and atherosclerotic plaques. Such changes lead to poor blood vessel resistance to mechanical stress. Vascular rupture in the eye can occur even as a result of increased blood pressure.
As is known, all types of diabetes mellitus provoke the development of diabetic retinopathy. This process is characterized by a change in the vessels located in the retina of the organs of vision. Their walls become weak, on the surface there are microaneurysms, which lead to hemorrhage.
Often, hemorrhage into the eye occurs in the presence of blood diseases (lack of hemoglobin, leukemia) and connective tissue (vasculitis, scleroderma, etc.), as well as its appearance is possible with impaired vascular permeability, pathology of the clotting system.
Another cause of hemorrhage in the eye caused by mechanical action is the intraocular tumor. Expanding tissue presses on the vessels, which leads to their damage and subsequent hemorrhage.
In the risk zone are people who have poorly developed vessels of the organs of vision, and people with myopia, inflammations occurring in the iris of the eyeball. To the formation of pathology can lead to a strong cry, coughing, attempts, accompanying the ancestral activity, a great physical load.
Depending on the location of the damaged vessels, bleeding in:
The front camera is
When the blood flows into this part of the eye, a pathological process occurs, which is called hyphema. A red spot appears on the eye, which has smooth contours and a homogeneous structure. The anterior chamber is completely filled with blood, if the vertically placed vessels are damaged, the blood settles on the bottom. If the red spot does not spread to the pupil, the vision is practically not violated in all cases. The appearance of the eye becomes the same a few days after the hemorrhage.
Pathology, in which blood is poured into the vitreous, is called hemophthalmia. Its development is due to a violation of the integrity of the choroid of the organs of vision. The main symptom by which pathology can be recognized is the presence of a uniform brown formation. Full hemophthalmus can lead to blindness, and partial complication - to a significant reduction in vision. Among the patients' complaints there are light flashes and moving dark spots before the eyes. The disease is considered severe, when it occurs, a person needs to provide emergency medical care. If the treatment was done quickly and correctly, most likely, the vision will be preserved. The consequence of hemophthalmus may be detachment of the retina or complete atrophy of the eyeball.
The retina is
With this complication, the external changes in the eye are determined by the degree of damage to the retina. A person can have such complaints as reduced visual acuity and clarity of the image, flashing of flies, the formation of a net before the eyes. If the pathological process covers a large area and occurs quite often, vision can disappear completely.
Symptoms of hemorrhage in the eye can appear due to contusion of its orbit, blood diseases and vasculitis. In this case, develops pop-eyed or exophthalmic: there is a rapid shift of the eyeball forward. A person has a hemorrhage in the conjunctiva or under the eyelid, a limited motor ability of the eye, doubling, loss of vision. If the pathology formed under the eyelids, the shape of the glasses can be seen, possibly a fracture of the skull. From the time of injury to the formation of circles under the eyes pass, at least one day. To avoid complications and loss of vision, a person with a damaged skull should be helped as soon as possible.
A pathology called a hyphema usually does not require treatment. Sometimes patients are prescribed drops of potassium iodide. The drug is used throughout the week 3 times every day. When after 10 days the disease does not respond to treatment (especially if the person is elderly), you can talk about complications such as cataracts, uveitis, glaucoma. In the eyes that are in this state, it is necessary to perform the operation.
In the treatment of hyphema, it is required to stop the use of anticoagulants and nonsteroidal drugs that have anti-inflammatory effect. However, the form of their release does not matter. Often as a result of taking atropine, glaucoma develops.
If the blood is poured into the eye once and the formed spot has a limited shape, the patient must rest and rest in order to eliminate the pathology. It is also recommended to take medicines that have hemostatic and vasoconstrictive effects.
If there was a bleeding in the retina and most of the eye is damaged, the person urgently needs to be taken to the hospital for medical assistance.
The use of folk remedies
Among the causes that can cause hemorrhage in the eye - fatigue, which occurs when doing work with the voltage of vision. In this case, the pain is almost absent, but openwork or shaggy figures of dark color, looking like a bee or a fly, may appear before your eyes.
In order to prevent, you can take vitamin C, it is able to make the solid walls of the vessels milder. You need a lot of rest and try not to bend your head. Traditional medicine offers many recipes that help get rid of the disease in its mild course. With the help of these recipes you can make the resorption of blood clots more rapid. When a haemorrhage occurs frequently and a significant area of the eyeball is affected, one should visit a therapist and an ophthalmologist. If you have previously suffered a head injury, after which there is pain in the eye or any damage to it, be sure to notify the doctor.
Use of meat, chicory and urine
For the treatment of hemorrhage in the eye, raw meat has long been used. To the eye, injured as a result of mechanical damage, you need to put a piece of meat. Thanks to this action, it will be possible to reduce the volume of allocated blood and reduce the duration of its outflow. To remove the swelling of the tissues surrounding the eyes, you should use ice. Immediately attach it to the skin immediately after finding the injury. It will be good if the cold spreads to the eyeball.
To implement this method, you need to take the root of chicory (3 tablespoons) and prepare a decoction from it using 0.5 liters of water. The plant must be brought to a boil, then it should be left to infuse for 10-15 minutes. After cooking, the broth must be filtered. In a day it is used 3 times for 0.5 cups. In addition, from the decoction make lotions for the eyes.
To eliminate bruising, you can use the urine of a person. Before use, it should be prepared by boiling in a copper container with honey.
Treatment with arnica
Tincture of Sophora and plant juice are good remedies for treating bleeding in the eye
Tincture, prepared from Sophora, prevents the occurrence of bleeding within the human body. She is advised to use to combat such problems as hemorrhage in the eye, and prevention of other diseases that reduce vascular permeability. A day is taken no more than 5 times for 1 tsp. (10 drops) of the tincture. It can be beneficial in the presence of multiple sclerosis and diabetes. Tincture is used for poisoning with salicylates and arsenic. The drug serves as an analgesic for trauma to the eyeball, barley, carbuncle, eye furunculosis (external application).
If you have a desire to prepare the tincture yourself, purchase the fruits of Sophora and fill them with 56% alcohol (1: 1). If the ratio is observed, be guided by the weight. Send the container to a dark place for 21 days, then strain the drug into a dry, cool and darkened place for storage.
The juice of plants
To remove bruising, you can take fresh cabbage juice, boiled aloe juice. Help to cope with the problem can fresh willow leaves.