What you need to know about conjunctivitis
Causes, symptoms, forms of conjunctivitis
In medical practice, conjunctivitis is commonly called inflammation of the mucous membrane of the eyes, which is also complicated by inflammation of the eyelids. This disease can be caused by bacterial, allergic and viral pathogens.
Allergic form of conjunctivitis develops as a result of exposure to the eye mucosa of all kinds of allergens. In this case, inflammation and redness inevitably arise, which can be caused by improper operation of contact lenses, reactions to medicinal substances, domestic animals and even hay fever.
The cause of the allergic etiology of conjunctivitis may be exposure to chemicals, drugs, ultraviolet rays, microbes or viruses and all sorts of cosmetic products. If anything from this list, getting on a conjunctiva, is for her an irritant d for a particular person, an allergic reaction will inevitably follow. As a rule, if a person has an allergic form, then it is accompanied by such diseases as bronchial asthma allergic rhinitis, etc.
Conjunctivitis of a bacterial nature affects both eyes and, as a rule, is accompanied by periodic abundant discharge of mucous masses. The disease caused by a viral infection likewise affects the eyes, and is accompanied by increased tearing. These types of diseases are especially dangerous, since they have a property to be transmitted to others.
Causes of development conjunctivitis
Provoke the emergence and manifestation of conjunctivitis of all kinds of bacteria and infections, when they hit the conjunctiva of the eye, it starts to develop an inflammatory process. It is accompanied by reddening and swelling of the eyelids and abundant secretion of mucus.
The cause of the disease can be bacteria that have a particularly negative effect on the mucosa, the most dangerous of which is chlamydia. Often, conjunctivitis can also be caused by an infection that has caused the development of tonsillitis or measles in the human body, for example.
Depending on the causes of the onset, three types of conjunctivitis are distinguished:
When the bacterial form affects both eyes. It is accompanied by an abundant release of mucous masses. In the viral nature of the disease, usually one eye is affected. In this case, there is redness + inflammation, sometimes mucus with an admixture of pus in a small amount and abundant tearfulness. Both these forms can be transmitted to others by contact.
Allergic conjunctivitis occurs, as a rule, when exposed to a variety of allergens:
In this case, inflammation is manifested by the reddening of eyelids and eyes, the release of mucus and even pus in large numbers, the presence of painful sensations.
In case of occurrence of each of these forms it is important to remember that the patient, except for therapy, will necessarily need to limit contacts with others, in order to avoid their infection. It is especially important during this period to wash your hands regularly and thoroughly, use a separate towel and observe the basic rules of personal hygiene. To wash the cold water should not be used, you will also have to refuse to visit the pool, beach, etc. The most optimal option is treatment at home.
Symptoms of conjunctivitis can not be ignored in any case: its development can adversely affect the person's vision in the future. Having found out signs of conjunctivitis, the patient must visit an ophthalmologist who can choose the right drugs to treat a particular type of disease.
The characteristic signs of conjunctivitis include:
In case of an allergic conjunctivitis, the patient has sensations of itching and burning in the eyes, blushes blush, tearing is intensified. These symptoms can be accompanied by other signs, a cough, for example. To cure this form of conjunctivitis will take a lot of time, since it is practically impossible to fix it at the initial stage: the main symptoms are not as pronounced as in the other cases. In addition, drugs can not always quickly improve the condition, often it takes time.
Types of conjunctivitis
In medical practice, these kinds of conjunctivitis are distinguished as acute and chronic.
Acute conjunctivitis can be caused by the action of coccus bacteria or the Koch-Winks sticks. Its characteristic symptoms are the development of the inflammatory process directly on the outer shell of the eye. It can be triggered by weakened immunity, traumatic lesions in the eye area, even by overheating or hypothermia.
The most common is epidemic acute conjunctivitis, which occurs when there are infected objects nearby or as a result of touching the shell of dirty hands. As a rule, an increase in the spread of this disease is observed in the summer. At what, the majority of the diseased are children, in rare cases even newborns. They become ill if their mothers were infected with gonorrhea during pregnancy.
Signs of the acute type of this disease is the appearance of itchy painful sensations in the eyes, redness and puffiness of the eyelids, acute sensitivity to bright light, and the release of purulent and mucous masses. For the epidemic form, redness and bloody swelling of the eyes are also characteristic.
Chronic form of conjunctivitis can develop as a result of chronic diseases of the nasopharynx, prolonged harmful effects on the eye mucous of toxic agents (smoke, for example), avitaminosis, and the like. The main signs of this disease are:
To cure, as a rule, it is enough to remove the main irritant (allergen), which provoked the disease.
Features of treatment conjunctivitis
If you choose the right treatment, the disease, including all its symptoms, can be successfully disposed of. In most cases, it will take a couple of weeks. First of all, you need to correctly identify the source that triggered the emergence of conjunctivitis (the development of the inflammatory process). Then it is necessary to exclude the presence of a source of infection near the patient.
In the absence of this possibility, the doctor prescribes special drugs that reduce the degree of exposure. With mild signs of the disease, prevention can be limited by the application of cold compresses. When the symptoms are clearly expressed, prescribe antiallergic drugs and inflammatory drugs (pill drops). In extreme cases, you can drip a patient several times a day for 1-2 drops of albucid (20%).
Cure for conjunctivitis by folk remedies
Decoction of apple tree branches
Since ancient times apple branches have been considered an effective folk remedy for the treatment of conjunctivitis. To do this, you need apple tree branches (always sweet), put in a container and, with water, put on a slow fire. Prepare the broth, it should be burgundy, and after cooling, use the bath for babies, and adults as a means for washing the eyes. After a three-day application, the disease recedes.
Treatment conjunctivitis propolis
After long torments, delivered by conjunctivitis, she completely lost hope for deliverance. Of the many ways and means, almost all were ineffective. But one day she was advised to try propolis as a remedy. It had to be grinded to a powdery state, from which to prepare a 25% aqueous solution, filter it through cotton wool and 3 times a day to dig in the eyes. As it turned out, it is an indispensable tool even in such a neglected case.
Features of the treatment of the infectious form of conjunctivitis
After numerous calls to doctors who prescribed treatment courses, a woman who was ill with conjunctivitis, she felt an improvement only temporary. But one day I got to a doctor who prescribed an unusual drug - ronidase. It was a small bubble, in which was a yellow powder. It had to be applied with a cotton swab, previously oiled with petroleum jelly, and then sprinkled with powder. Keep it necessary all night, laying on the mucous eye. The woman after four procedures completely got rid of the disease. Therefore, this drug is recommended to others.
Honey drops for the treatment of conjunctivitis
For a long time, the woman was seriously ill with conjunctivitis: the eye inflamed and blushed, the vision deteriorated until the employee advised her to prescribe. Simple to the horror: in 10 drops of boiled water it was necessary to dilute 1 drop of honey. But the amount of water every day should decrease (by 1 drop per day). The woman stopped at a ratio of water to honey 3: 1. Dripped twice a day for four months. And drops, besides, you need to use every time new ones.
For preventive purposes, essential oils (eucalyptus or garlic) can be used, especially for the viral nature of the disease. Just remove the lid from the oil and put it in a dark place, periodically inhale. This is a very effective remedy for rapid elimination of conjunctivitis.
Treatment conjunctivitis green tea
To cure this disease, use this mixture: the same amount of strong black + green tea, add a dry grape wine (wine 1 tablespoon per glass of tea). With a prepared solution, wash the eyes (preferably as often as possible). Discontinue after complete disappearance of the symptoms of the disease.