Of inflammations of the conjunctiva of the eyes, the most common is bacterial conjunctivitis. But there is also an unusual inflammation of the mucous membrane of the eye, which is caused by various viruses, chlamydia, fungi, or is formed in response to an allergic reaction.
Herpetic conjunctivitis. Inflammation of the mucous eye is aroused by the herpes virus, which everyone is used to seeing around the mouth or anywhere else on the face. In the same case, the virus affects the mucous membrane, usually the eye alone. The disease lasts for a long time and sluggishly. Children suffer more often. There are several forms of herpetic conjunctivitis:
Since viruses disrupt the integrity of the mucous membrane, bacteria soon join the virus infection, which can supplement the picture with purulent discharge.
Treatment of herpetic conjunctivitis
Treatment of herpetic conjunctivitis is carried out with a 0.1% solution of idoxuridine. They need to drip into the conjunctive cavity (for the lower eyelid) 6-8 times a day. It is necessary to combine drops with antiviral ointment 3% acyclovir. Also using drops with interferons - ophthalmoferon or interferonogenov.
Adenoviral conjunctivitis. Unusual inflammation of the eye mucosa occurs due to the adenovirus entering the mucous membrane of the eye. More often this virus affects the upper respiratory tract, nasal mucosa or throat. The eyes are less likely to be affected. This type of conjunctivitis begins with a common cold, nasopharyngitis and with a rise in body temperature. When the second wave of body temperature rise comes, the first symptoms of inflammation of the conjunctiva appear. First, the inflammation develops on one eye, and after, 2-3 days later and on the other. The disease lasts 5-7 days. You can see an increase in lymph nodes in the neck.
Adenoviral conjunctivitis also occurs in the form of a catarrhal form, with reddening and swelling of the mucous membrane, and with the release of a small detachable mucous character. In the follicular form the same follicles are formed, but they are located more in the place of transitional folds. The next stage of the disease is characterized by the development of thin white-gray films, easily separated from the surface of the mucous membrane.
The treatment uses ophthalmoferon preparations, interferonogens. In order to prevent the re-infection, especially in situations of massive cold, you can instill various antiseptics, such as picloxidine, 005% solution.
Unusual inflammation manifests itself in the form spring catarrh . What are the exact causes of the development of this disease is not fully understood. But the basis of its development is a slow allergic reaction. It is assumed that the disease is associated with an allergic reaction to ultraviolet rays. The disease begins at the age of 4-5 years, and is more common among boys, can last several years, with periods of exacerbation and remission. Aggravation develops in spring and summer. And only to the period of puberty, the disease can completely disappear.
It also takes the form of several forms:
Inflammation of the eye mucosa also develops as a result of an allergic reaction to various medications. An allergic reaction can develop quickly, or in a few days. There may be different forms of allergy, and simply in the form of redness, in the form of papillary hypertrophy of the mucosa, or with the formation of follicles. In treatment, the main thing is to isolate the drug that caused this reaction and not apply it. In difficult situations, you need to see a doctor.