Blepharitis is a group of eye diseases expressed in chronic inflammation of the edges of the eyelids . Blepharitis is difficult to treat, the inflammatory process lasts for a long time, there is a tendency to relapse. Blepharitis is a debilitating disease that reduces performance and, in some cases, leads to loss of vision.
Blepharitis - one of the most frequent and long lasting eye diseases, in which the inflammatory process develops in the ciliary edges of the eyelids. Blepharitis is prone to relapse, it exhausts the patient, reduces its performance, and in some cases even leads to loss of vision. Blepharitis most often affects both eyes.
Types of blepharitis
Blepharitis can be of several types: scaly (seborrheic), demodectic, meibomic, ulcerative (staphylococcal).
The clinical picture with scaly blepharitis resembles dandruff - the epithelium, localized on the eyelids, sluschivaetsya.
With ulcerative blepharitis, itchy crustes are formed - ulcers develop when they scratch. Ulcers heal in the form of scars, which in turn leads to improper growth of eyelashes and eyelid deformation.
Meyboney blepharitis is characterized by a violation of the secretion outflow from the glands, while the eyelids are hyperemic, and in the intramarginal edge one can see the mouths of the enlarged glands.
When demodectic blepharitis appears scales, the edges of the eyelids thicken, the eyelashes form white muffs.
Symptoms of blepharitis
Inflammation of the eyelids can be suspected for the following symptoms:
Treatment of blepharitis
Treatment of blepharitis should be a complex of measures, etiologically directed (eliminating the cause of blepharitis). A huge role in the treatment of blepharitis is played by hygienic care of damaged areas three times a day during the day.
Simple blepharitis is treated by removing the scales with a cotton swab impregnated with a solution of furacilin and subsequent treatment with a green. Dexamethasone ointment is also applied three times a day.
Ulcerative blepharitis is treated by softening the crusts with tetracycline or erythromycin ointment followed by treatment with antiseptic solutions. It is necessary to know that hormonal ointments with this blepharitis are contraindicated.
Meibomian blepharitis is treated with the help of eyelid treatment by the same procedure plus eyelid massage after instillation of anesthetics with a glass rod. In a conjunctival sac, in all cases a solution of sodium sulfacil or a solution of levomycetin is instilled.
In the case of demodectic blepharitis, a serious long-term treatment is required. It is recommended to treat the facial skin with tar soap, and the damaged eyelids with antiseptics. Apply twice a day metrogil-gel.
The process of recovery can be accelerated by physiotherapy procedures - electrophoresis with vitamins and antibiotics, UHF therapy, magnetotherapy, UFO-therapy. It is very important to follow the rules of nutrition - the diet should contain proteins, but exclude allergens.