Atrophy of the optic nerve is the process of the gradual dying out of the optic nerve fibers, which are replaced with a connecting tissue with time.
The causes of atrophy of the optic nerves
The causes of atrophy are usually found in a large number of existing eye diseases, as well as nervous, cardiovascular and other systems. Often, atrophy develops in the defeat of the central nervous system.
The cause of atrophy can be and transferred eye trauma, and hereditary predisposition, and intoxication.
Atrophy of the optic nerve develops also in the presence of tumors, multiple sclerosis, syphilis, abscesses of the brain, and so on.
Atrophy of the optic nerve can be complete and partial.
Pronounced sharp or gradual decrease in vision,
appearance of blind spots,
concentric narrowing of the field of view,
decreased color perception.
Treatment of optic atrophy
Treatment of atrophy of the optic nerve consists in acting on the reduction of inflammation and edema, as well as in enhancing nutrition and improving the circulation of the nerve. In addition, the purpose of treatment is - stimulate the remaining nerve fibers for further life.
The prognosis of treatment is not always comforting. The therapeutic effect is not always achieved. Preservation of vision is possible only with stable stabilization of partial atrophy.
Conservative, surgical and physiotherapeutic treatment is used.
Conservative treatment consists of complex therapy, which includes vitamins, vasodilating drugs and drugs that improve metabolism. General and local treatment.
Surgical treatment is associated with the implantation of biogenic materials that can improve the circulation of the nerve and its vascularization. Excess nerve compression is removed by the decompression operation.
Physiotherapy treatment consists in laser stimulation, electrostimulation and magnitostimulation of the optic nerve.