Adenoviral conjunctivitis: causes, symptoms. How to treat

Disease conjunctivitis with such an intricate name, causes an infection that belongs to the family of adenoviruses. This kind of conjunctivitis affects not only the eyes, its constant companions are diseases of the nose and throat:

  • Nasopharyngitis is an inflammatory process of infectious origin. The disease affects the nasopharynx. The patient feels burning, dryness and tingling in the organs of the nasopharynx. Then there are purulent discharge.

  • Rhinitis - it can be infectious, vasomotor and allergic. The disease is accompanied by unpleasant sensations in the nose and abundant mucous secretions from it. In everyday life, rhinitis is called a runny nose. All three of its types are treated differently.

  • Tonsillite - upper respiratory tract infection. The disease has a sharp and chronic form. Acute tonsillitis is accompanied by an increase in body temperature, pain when swallowing. In everyday life, it is called angina. In chronic tonsillitis, the temperature is less frequent, the main symptom is pain when swallowing.

  • Most often this disease affects children. Adenoviral conjunctivitis is transmitted by airborne droplets. The incubation period lasts from three to ten days.

    Symptoms of adenoviral conjunctivitis

    The disease proceeds acutely, its manifestations are visible first on one eye, then pass on to the other. A small amount of mucus is released from the inflamed areas. The conjunctiva itself is edematous and forms films.

    The disease is divided into three forms:

  • Follicular - when on the mucous membrane of the eye there are bubbles, also, the function of the tear fluid is disturbed. Such a manifestation can frighten. But it is not necessary to be upset, since this form of the disease has no negative consequences for the patient's vision.

  • The catarrhal form is the easiest. It is accompanied by a minor inflammation of the eyelid and reddening of the mucous membrane of the eye.

  • Folded form - not so often. It is accompanied by the appearance of thin gray films on the eyeball. Usually they are easily removed, but there are cases that their removal is accompanied by the appearance of small bleeding wounds. In this case, doctors additionally examine the patient for the presence of diphtheria.

  • Usually, after treatment, the films disappear without a trace, but there are cases when the eye has small scars on the cornea.

    All of the above symptoms disappear after the course of treatment. Each form is given different treatment. It lasts from two to four weeks. Self-medication with widespread means may not have an effect, or complicate the symptoms of the disease.

    The main symptoms of adenoviral conjunctivitis are:

  • Temperature.

  • Headache.

  • Disease of the upper respiratory tract.

  • Inflammation of the upper eyelid.

  • Diseases of the respiratory tract.


    Treatment of adenoviral conjunctivitis

    To date, there are no funds that are able to selectively act on adenoviruses. Because doctors prescribe a comprehensive treatment. Its duration is two weeks or more.

    Doctors prescribe different treatment options, which depends on the symptoms and individual characteristics of the patient's body.

    Ophthalmologists believe that the adenovirus gets into the eyes through unwashed hands. Little children from one to five years old constantly touch everything with their hands. Naturally, parents can not monitor the washing of hands after each touch, to any object.

    The second opinion is less popular. Some doctors tend to think that adenoviruses, penetrating through the respiratory tract, can affect the eyes. Both opinions are correct.

    In addition to the symptoms listed above, patients have painful sensations, namely: burning and scarring in the eye area. It seems to the patient that something has got into the eye, and he constantly tries to pull it out. The mucous membrane of the affected eye turns red, tears flow from it constantly. It happens that even parotid lymph nodes swell.

    When conjunctivitis is triggered, the child can not open his eyes in the morning, since the dried out seams glue them together.

    Whether because of the crisis in the country, or because of the habit of saving ourselves, our people are used to treating everything with popular means. Still, why run to the doctor if the grandmother at the entrance knows the methods of treatment for all ailments. After their advice, tea and boric acid are used.

    More modern self-medication tips offer healing with albucid. Unfortunately, all these tools are not effective in this case. The disease calmly continues its development, and sometimes a complication.

    Such a complication as keratoconjunctivitis implies inflammation of the cornea of ​​the eye.

    Plus, the affected eyelid swells so much that it closes the eye gap.

    If the case is neglected, then the vision of the child can greatly deteriorate. Restoration of vision will require a complex and costly operation. In order to avoid this, you need to stop doing self-medication and entrust the health of your child (his) specialists. Doctors will prescribe medications that will destroy the virus and do not damage the cornea of ​​the eye. One such drug is a drop with leukocyte human interferon.

    Prevention of conjunctivitis

    The incubation period requires compliance with certain rules:

  • The patient should have everything of his own. This applies not only to dishes, soap and towels. Individual should be bed linens and items of hygiene, such as cotton swabs and napkins. The eye dropper must also be individual. Failure to comply with these rules leads to immediate contamination of others.

  • If the child is sick, then the adult caring for him is obligated to wash his hands constantly with soap. All this is necessary in order not to become infected and not to reward the illness of others.

  • All utensils must be boiled, this applies and pipettes for instilling eyes. The virus continues to live even after treatment with alcohol, but high temperature can destroy it completely. Without killing the virus by boiling, the patient who has recovered, runs the risk of contracting a second time.

  • The patient's location (room, or apartment) should be darkened. This is necessary in order not to irritate the patient with the inflamed eyes of the patient. The room is important to regularly moisturize and ventilate.

  • Adenoviral conjunctivitis is still treated differently, since there is no exact treatment regimen. The mild form of the disease eliminates the use of complex preparations for the eyes. It will be necessary simply to increase the immunity prescribed by the doctor with restorative medications. It is important to comply with all the hygiene rules mentioned above. Taking medications and obeying the rules will lead to a quick recovery. True, there are also more severe forms of this disease. Then more complex preparations are needed.

    Sometimes doctors prescribe Laferon to patients. To drip it is necessary eight times a day, gradually reducing the amount of instillations up to three times.

    When there are purulent discharge, the doctor prescribes drops of antibacterial action. Their use will help to avoid secondary infection.

    No less effective in controlling the disease are antiallergic drugs that have vasoconstrictive properties.

    When the patient has photophobia and dryness in mucous membranes, he is prescribed artificial moisturizers.

    Very effective drugs such as DNA-aza and Poludan, they must be taken at least six times a day. When there is not enough tear fluid, the above-described artificial moisturizers will help.

    In order not to catch the second time, you should drip Makstrol (drops for eyes), or similar solutions.

    Treatment, therefore, need at least two weeks. If the infection occurred a second time, then the immunocorrective drugs will help. For example, injections of Tactevine (at least six injections, twenty-five micrograms each), Levamisol (no more than once a week). Cycloferon - at least ten injections, a volume of two milliliters.

    The list that follows contains the most effective drugs for children.

    It is important for adults to remember that they should be prescribed by a doctor, taking into account the individual characteristics of each child, as well as the stage and course of the disease:

  • Florenal - antiviral drops, or ointment.

  • Tobrex - eye drops. Suitable even for newborn children. This drug can be found in the list of necessary things in the hospital.

  • Vitabakt is its main component of hydrochloride and piclosidine. The drug has an aseptic effect. Like Torbex, it suits the newborn.

  • Albucid - antibacterial eye drops. Widely used in the postoperative period.

  • Interferon - a remedy for improving immunity. Form release: white powder, which is dissolved in water.

  • Poludan - Assign to improve the work of interferon. His testimony: keratoconjunctivitis, keratitis.

  • Tebrofen is an antiviral ointment.

  • Floxal is a drug based on Ofloxacin. The form of release - drops for eyes. This drug is not suitable for newborns.

  • Self-medication can intensify the symptoms of the disease and prolong its course, since it is only the doctor who can correctly select a drug. For example, if the glandular form of Adenovirus conjunctivitis is treated with standard means that are more suitable for catarrhal form, the lack of effect can aggravate the course of the disease.

    Prognosis with adenoviral conjunctivitis

    Adenoviral conjunctivitis has a favorable prognosis. This means a low probability (in this case, absence) of the lethal outcome and a minimal percentage of complications after the disease. If conjunctivitis occurs in mild catarrhal form, then it is very easy to cure, following the above hygiene rules, using eye drops, as well as means to enhance immunity. Complicated course of adenoviral conjunctivitis occurs within a month and is very rare.