Bronchospasm in adults and children: symptoms and treatment

When, due to the contraction of the muscles of the bronchial wall, the lumen between the small bronchi and bronchioles suddenly changes, bronchospasm arises. This condition should be detected in time and treated, otherwise serious problems with normal breathing are possible.

With bronchospasm there is a spasm of muscles surrounding the bronchioles, which leads to a noticeable restriction or even cutting off the air flow. The most common cause of bronchospasm is bronchial asthma, and other causes of suffocation include bronchopulmonary diseases and allergies.

Parents of a child suffering from bronchospasm should clearly feel and learn the forefront of the attack, in which it is possible to provide first aid to the child even before the manifestation of spasms. This can prevent it, or considerably ease its course.

To conditions in which bronchodilators do not provide the necessary care and bring relief, are called irreversible obstruction of the airways. A similar condition, for example, is chronic bronchitis.

Symptoms of bronchospasm

Before the attack, the patient often experiences changes in mood, anxiety, sneezing, and liquid discharge from the nose. In addition, signs of early bronchospasm include sleep disorders, cough, a feeling of congestion in the chest and lack of air. All these signs parents should closely monitor in children affected by this disease, as those, other than crying and anxiety, often can not share anything else.

To obvious symptoms is a clear lack of air, fear, stiffness and heaviness in the chest.

From the side you can hear an extended exhalation, a loud breathing of the patient, and a whistle.

Perhaps the emergence of dry nesasnogo and painful, which is characterized by a thick transparent phlegm, while it either quite heavily departs, or does not go away at all. In addition, an outsider should alert the patient's posture when he is sitting silently, with his shoulders shifted forward and raised, his hands turned up, his head is usually drawn, and on his face you can read a clear sense of fear.

Harkteren and pale complexion, and also blue under the eyes. When inhaling, straining muscles of the abdomen and neck, retracting the wings of the nose and intercostal spaces, and on exhalation we can distinguish a wheezing dry wheezing in the lungs.

Actions with bronchospasm in children

In this case, the main thing to take in your hands and not be nervous, and the child should be reassured and necessarily distract his attention from the attack.

If suspected of exposure to an allergen, you should remove it as much as possible. It can be contact with a cat, dust or smoke. If an allergic reaction has occurred on the pollen of plants or dust from the street, immediately close the window, or take the child out of the problem area. You should wash your face as soon as possible, rinse your mouth and throat, rinse your nose. It is necessary to seat the baby in a semi-sitting position and unbutton, or to release him from tight clothes. If it's not about street smells, it's better to open the window.

After that, use a bronchodilator or inhaler.

The warm drink is shown, and additional medicines that improve the outflow of sputum are also applicable. If you can not eliminate the symptoms in an hour, be sure to call a doctor.

With bronchospasm in children do not add allergic effects, rubbing it with turpentine or other odoriferous drugs, aromatic oils, balms. Do not give him herbs and honey, do not put mustard plasters.

Do not use drugs that suppress cough and antihistamines of the first generation, as these substances worsen spitting out of the bronchospasm. In addition, do not give the child a sedative.

If the child uses the inhaler constantly, as part of the basic treatment of bronchial asthma, or for this hormonal drugs are used, you need to consider that they are only a means to prevent spasm, but do not help with the removal of seizures.

If the attack of bronchospasm occurred for the first time, then do not delay, take the child to an allergist or pulmonologist. It is very necessary to consult a specialist for correction of treatment, or with an increase in asthma attacks.