Among many lung diseases there is one very common nonspecific form of the disease - emphysema. This pathological condition, characterized by the expansion of the air space of pulmonary bronchioles and the destructive alteration of the alveolar walls.
Symptoms of emphysema
To classical symptoms of diffuse emphysema of the lungs can be attributed the following.
At the initial stages of the disease, patients with pulmonary emphysema are forced to take a lying position on the abdomen and lower their head and shoulders down, as this position usually brings relief to the patient. But then emphysema takes a severe form, at which there are serious changes in the chest and fatigue of the respiratory muscles. And this in turn leads to the fact that the diaphragm in the supine position works in a tense mode, and the patient must constantly be in a sitting position, even to sleep. The body is usually slightly inclined, hands rest on the knees or the edge of the bed, table, etc. - this allows you to include additional muscles in the act of breathing and fix the shoulder girdle. In especially severe cases, the tongue becomes blue, cyanosis occurs, the lips and nails turn blue.
Emphysema of the lungs leads to respiratory and cardiac failure, the occurrence of pneumothorax (air in the thorax), which generally leads to disability.
What can you do yourself?
Treatment should begin at the bronchitis stage, that is, before the development of the emphysema - irreversible changes occur because of late treatment to the doctor. The patient is fully aware of the possible consequences and the severity of the disease. Smoking should be ruled out, as well as other harmful effects on lung tissue - this is the first and most important condition for the treatment of emphysema. Physical activity should be limited.