Dry suffocating cough in an adult: types, symptoms, clinical picture

Cough itself is a necessary phenomenon, because it is through coughing that the airways are cleared of all kinds of unnecessary and superfluous particles - mucus, dust, foreign bodies. However, cough often becomes a symptom of the disease, acquiring various forms. And one of the most unpleasant forms of coughing is dry suffocating. The reasons for the occurrence of such cough in adults and much more will be discussed in this material.

Classification of dry cough



Cough, accompanied by the separation of mucous sputum, is called productive .

A cough that is not accompanied by sputum is called unproductive. The process of non-productive cough can be of two types: physiological (arises as a result of chemical or mechanical stimulation of the mucous membrane) and atopic (associated with the development of the pathological state of the respiratory system).

Cough is also classified by duration and nature. It happens:

  • acute (lasting several hours on the background of an infectious or catarrhal disease, accompanied by a high fever, runny nose);

  • lingering (lasts more than two weeks and does not pass by itself);

  • recurrent (occurs every four to five weeks, manifests paroxysmal, is a symptom of bronchitis or bronchial asthma);

  • chronic - treatment of this type of cough may not succeed until the cause of cough is completely eliminated (observed in smokers and in people whose activity is associated with contact with chemical irritants).


  • Causes of dry suffocating cough



    The factors that cause this type of cough are varied. Often, a dry suffocating cough occurs due to ingress of a foreign body into the respiratory tract, and also due to irritation of the mucous membrane with allergens. Sometimes such a cough is a consequence of prolonged use of certain medications. In addition, a dry, debilitating cough often bothers hard-core smokers - irritating effect on the laryngeal mucosa has nicotine gums.

    But most often such a cough speaks about the development of a serious illness dangerous to health. To such diseases it is possible to carry:

  • bronchial asthma,

  • bronchitis,

  • whooping cough,

  • tuberculosis,

  • laryngitis and pharyngitotracheitis,

  • oncological disease,

  • heart failure.


  • Clinical picture



    Chronic bronchitis manifested in the morning dry cough, a prolonged course of the inflammatory process. Cough with bronchitis does not pass by itself, and the development of secondary tuberculosis becomes possible.

    Laryngitis accompanied by a heavy tiring cough with not = more sputum being separated. The patient complains of constantly high temperature (in the absence of antipyretics).

    Development of bronchial asthma characterized by severe chest pain during a fit of cough, significant shortness of breath, sparse and small sputum discharge.

    If you get into the larynx of a foreign body a suffocating dry cough may also occur, in which case no use of medication will help, and the patient's condition will not improve until the foreign body is removed from the respiratory tract.

    Especially intense and exhausting becomes cough with oncological disease - The cough takes character tearing and very painful. This happens with lung cancer, breast cancer.