Those diagnosed with Bekhterev's disease quite naturally wonder - what is the prognosis for life in this disease, what are the consequences. Any forecasts - ungrateful occupation, especially in relation to Bekhterev's disease. However, one can single out a general plan. So, the forecast.
How does Bekhterev's disease develop?
As a rule, Bekhterev's disease is not diagnosed at once, but only 8-10 years after its onset. The next 30 years are characterized by a variable course - a deterioration of the state, then periods of remission, which can last up to a whole year.
In the initial period of the disease there are chronic inflammatory processes of the shells of the joints of the sacral zone. Inflammation gradually spreads to the articular cartilage and the entire musculoskeletal system, while covering the upper spine, less often the legs, hands, elbows and shoulders. Over time, an adjacent bone joint is formed from the adjacent joints.
Patients respond differently to degenerative changes - someone has vividly manifested discomfort caused by inflammatory processes, and someone has the ossification of the joints on the foreground.
With proper treatment, the development of the disease can be stopped, and sometimes it stops and by itself. But if after three decades the disease does not go to stage 3-4 then almost certainly it will remain at the same level until the end of life.
When bone adhesions there is a limitation of the motor abilities of the diseased department of the skeleton, and this is a serious problem. With her, people who are sick before the age of 16 are most often dealt with. In these cases, only the operation of the hip joint is an option.
The late stages of Bechterew's disease are characterized by serious and unexpected complications. Often there is an osteoporosis - the raised fragility of an osteal tissue. Most often they are affected by the elderly. In order to avoid osteoporosis, the patient should regularly engage in exercise therapy. One or more times there may be an iritis - an inflammation of the iris of the eye. Irit is observed in 40% of patients. Irit in the development of Bekhterev's disease goes first to cataracts, and then to blindness. Irit is treated with drops of atropine and cortisone. In addition, there are many concomitant pathologies.
Bekhterev's disease is not a verdict and does not at all negate fate. Many patients live with the disease for many years, and women even give birth to children. Even with the existing complications, a person is able to live a long time, and the symptomatology is not so terrible. The inflammatory process stops sooner or later, and the joints no longer ache. People are experiencing not because of pain, but because of the effects of deformation of the joints and the musculoskeletal system.
90% of patients maintain themselves in everyday life. Most are fruitfully engaged in mental work. Those who become disabled, begin to engage in their hobbies, creativity, social activities.
When and why does death come?
The average duration of individuals with Bekhterev's disease is 65-70 years. Death comes from severe co-morbid diseases, for example, fractures of the spine due to formed osteoporosis, strokes, stomach cancer, which originated from an ulcer gained by a prolonged intake of medications.