Brachydactyly: causes, symptoms, diagnosis. How to treat

Brachydactyly - anomaly of bone formation, obtained by a person from birth. Distinguish a number of degrees of severity of this disease, each of which is characterized by insufficient development or absolute absence of phalanges of fingers (middle and /or main), and in severe cases and bones of the pastern.


Is an anomaly acquired at birth in the formation of the structure and functioning of the hand, namely nail phalanges. With an increase in the severity of the defect, there are shortcomings in the structure of the bones of the fingers (nail, as well as medium), in complex forms, there are missing nail, central and major phalanges. In this case, the bones of the pastern are formed in the right way.

Most often, along with ectrodactyly, hereditary constrictions are diagnosed - this deviation is called secondary ectrodactyly.


Adactyly also is a pathology of bone formation, acquired from birth. In this disease, the finger phalanges are not formed completely, while the metacarpal bones may not be completely affected or, in general, not be affected. Depends on the outcome of the complexity of the disease.

The process of treatment with brachidactyly

Correction of such anomalies of the development of the hand by surgical methods is carried out in order to:

  • to correct the length of fingers using the methodologies of distraction, finger transplantation from the foot to the hand by the technicians of microsurgery, changing the position of the joints with the help of pollicization;

  • to remove the fusion of the fingers with the correction of nearby tissues or combined plastic surgery (based on the degree of adhesion);

  • correction of a related anomaly (congenital constrictions in the case of ectrodactyly, clinodactyly).