Deviations from the normal shape of the spine can be: Straightened spine, when lordosis and kyphosis are not developed enough for reasons, for example, little mobility of the child; lordotichny or kifatichny ridge, when increased, respectively, lordosis or kyphosis. Folds of the spine to the left or to the right determine the scoliotic shape of the spine. The forms of the spine create corresponding forms of posture (body posture) of the body: normal, straightened, lordotic, kyphatic (stooped) or scoliotic.
Along with the formation of the spine in children, the thorax also develops, which acquires a normal cylindrical shape, as in adults, at about 12-13 years, and can only grow to 25-30 years in size. Deviations in the development of the shape of the chest are most often: conical shape (narrowed to the top) and flattened shape (reduced front-rear dimensions). Various deviations from the development of normal forms of the spine and thorax can adversely affect not only the posture of the body, but also disrupt the normal development of internal organs, worsen the level of somatic health.
To deviations in the shape of the spine and thorax in children can cause an incorrect sitting at the desk or table (bending to the side, low inclinations over the desk or a lyagan on the edge of the table, etc.), Wrong posture while standing and walking (lowering one shoulder below the second, lowering the chair, stooping), physical overload, especially lifting and carrying heavy things, including number, in one hand. To prevent and prevent abnormalities in the development of the skeleton of the trunk, it is necessary to adhere to the hygienic requirements of working at the table (desk) and hygiene of physical activities. The normal development of the spine and thorax is largely promoted by rational physical exercises. Special physical exercises can also be one of the most effective measures to eliminate deviations in the development of the skeleton, including stoop, scoliosis, etc.