Herniated cervical spine: causes, symptoms

The neck refers to the vertebral column and has pathologies common to the whole spine. This article deals with the hernia of the cervical spine and its symptoms.

Cervical hernia is a deformation of the intervertebral disc and its swelling into the cervical intervertebral space.

Cervical hernia is quite dangerous, because it compresses the nerve endings, thereby worsening the conductivity of nerve impulses, and also reduces blood circulation and thereby provokes the onset of hypoxia (oxygen starvation) of tissues. In addition, the hernia causes considerable pain, and in the future often leads to a significant disruption of the internal organs and, as a result, disability.

Causes of



  • age changes in the structure of the intervertebral disc;

  • injuries, various mechanical injuries;

  • excessive load on the entire vertebral column, which leads to premature wear of the intervertebral disc;

  • already existing diseases of the spine - scoliosis, osteochondrosis;

  • large body weight.


  • Symptoms of



    The initial stage of the formation of a hernia in the cervical region is manifested by nonspecific symptoms. As a rule, a person begins to experience some discomfort in the neck, muscle tension. Gradually begins to manifest the main symptom - pain when turning the head or when it tilts. With the development of pathology, symptoms are progressing as well. And, if the cervical hernia is located in the upper segment, the clinical manifestations are associated with a violation of the innervation of the brain, and this gives a headache, reduced acuity of hearing and vision, dizziness occurs, coordination is impaired, memory deteriorates.

    Classification



  • the most common hernia is g reddening of the cervical spine c5 c6 . This pathology leads to abnormalities in the work of the legs and hands - numbness, tremor, and sometimes mild paralysis. The wrist stops bending and unbending;

  • cervical hernia c6 with 7 - gives a violation of extension of fingers. A person feels a tingling, some burning sensation, descending down the arm to the middle finger;

  • cervical hernia of vertebrae C7-T1 - occurs less frequently. With her appear lethargic when shaking hands, the vagacity of the whole arm and hand, sometimes pain. The letter is hampered, the general motor skills of the brush are broken, the sensitivity changes from the little finger to the shoulder blade.


  • Of course, the appearance of such symptoms should alert the person and make him think about the need to take measures for the necessary treatment. And for these purposes, a thorough diagnosis must be carried out. Therefore, if there is at least a hint of inconvenience in the cervical department, you need to see a doctor and undergo an examination.