Hygroma is one of the varieties of the cyst. It is a cavity having a shell and filled with a liquid. Hygroma is formed from the so-called. synovial tissue, that is, the shell of the tendons and joints.
Provoking factors for the development of hygroma are inflammation of the tendon sheath (tendovaginitis) or inflammation of the joint bag (bursitis). These inflammatory manifestations are usually almost asymptomatic. A major role in the occurrence of hygroma is played by the traumatization of the joints and tendons of the joints and the constant stress on them. Most often this is due to some professional activity, for example, musicians who play keyboards, knitters, typesetters, etc.
Hygroma of ankle joint - a phenomenon infrequent, in contrast to wrist (the back of the wrist or palm) and popliteal. On the outside of phalanal bones or in the ankle region, a foot hygroma is formed.
The growth of the hygroma is slow. In the beginning, a rounded bump appears, almost palpable and supple at palpation. Over time, the cone reaches a large size - from 5 to 10 centimeters. Pain usually occurs with an active load in the ankle. At rest, pain can be if the hygroma has reached considerable dimensions.
Hygroma can interfere with walking and wearing shoes, which causes a high likelihood of injury (the same footwear) and an increase in hygroma in size, which in turn can lead to compression of nearby vessels and nerve endings. In the latter cases, a person has severe pain, when the hygroma is injured, inflammation begins. That is why the hygroma of the ankle joint should be removed before the onset of the pathological exacerbation.
Hygroma of the ankle joint should be differentiated with other tumoral formations during diagnosis. For this, a puncture with an analysis of the contents of the hygroma can be performed.
Methods of treating the ankle hygroma
Treatment of hygroma involves both conservative methods and surgical intervention. Conservative treatment includes physiotherapy procedures - ultraviolet radiation, paraffin applications, a mechanical method (squeezing the hygroma after removing its contents for a long time). But, unfortunately, conservative treatment does not always give the desired results, often there are relapses. Therefore, doctors recommend removing the hygroma.
There are, of course, folk methods for treating hygroma. This is a tight banding of hot copper copper coins to gigroma, alcoholic compresses, as well as iodine soaking of hygroma, compresses from urine and red clay and some other recipes. However, only surgical intervention is a radical and effective method of treating the ankle hygroma.