Gain on the fingers - the phenomenon is not at all aesthetic, and therefore brings a lot of unpleasant sensations, even in the absence of any symptoms. Such growths in medicine are called hygroma or synovial cyst. Most often they appear near the nail plate or at the joint articulation site.
In appearance, these formations resemble tubercles, filled with a viscous liquid, and in color do not usually differ from skin color or have a pale pink shade.
Hygroma can occur at any age, and, as a rule, suddenly. But strangely enough, young women of 20-30 years are often inclined to her appearance. Such an outgrowth is able to grow rapidly, literally within a few days reaching in size up to 2 centimeters. As the hygroma grows, painful sensations and even violations of the extensor function of the finger may occur, if it is located on the joint site.
Sometimes education grows very slowly and does not cause any discomfort or pain, and sometimes pressing on it can cause severe pain. Hygroma is able to thin the skin to transparency and form a groove in the nail, deforming it. In general, the severity of symptoms is determined by the size of the build-up.
The causes of the appearance of hygroma
Most often, the hygroma appears in people whose professional activities make them constantly strain their fingers, for example, in pianists, masseurs, or laundresses. In addition, to provoke its appearance, frequent injuries of the fingers can occur, especially with a hereditary predisposition to the appearance of such growths.
No less often, the hygroma develops in people who have arthritic and worn joints. Deep bone growths caused by arthritis significantly weaken the inner layer of the joint, allowing the formation of this formation, which has a joint connected to the joint.
Hygroma is a benign neoplasm and in itself for the health of its owner is not dangerous. However, with the appearance of such a build-up, it is necessary to visit the doctor for an adequate diagnosis to exclude the presence of diseases with serious consequences.
How to remove the hygroma?
At the initial stage, the hygroma can be treated with a conservative method, which involves the use of electrophoresis, paraffin and mud applications, irradiation with ultraviolet rays.
In some cases, the formation is opened and its contents removed, after which antiseptic and anti-inflammatory agents are administered and a dressing is applied.
Conservative treatment of hygroma rarely ends with a positive result, especially when it is located on the site of the joint. In such cases, the mobility of the finger is limited, which is actually the main indication for surgical intervention conducted under local anesthesia. Its complexity lies in the possibility of traumatic damage to nerve endings and nearby vessels.
Instead of a scalpel, the laser can be used to remove the hygroma on the finger of the hand. The procedure is performed under local anesthesia, with no blood loss when dissecting the skin and removing the capsule with the contents, the closely located tissues are not injured, and the wound is quickly tightened with an almost unnoticeable scar.