Lymphogranulomatosis: symptoms, treatment, prevention, prognosis

Lymphogranulomatosis, or Hodgkin's lymphoma Is a cancer of the lymphatic system that enters the immune system of the human body. First, a separate focus of inflammation is formed, which then quickly metastasizes into the surrounding cellular space. Statistics argue that lymphogranulomatosis is on the 9th place of all cancer diseases and falls on three people out of one hundred thousand of the total population of the Earth. More residents of large megacities, more often men, of any age, are affected. This article will discuss issues related to the symptoms, treatment, prevention and prognosis of lymphogranulomatosis.

The causes of the appearance of lymphogranulomatosis have not been established reliably, there are only assumptions.

  • Gene mutations before and after birth.

  • Viral damage of blood lymphocytes.

  • Infectious mononucleosis.

  • The disease develops in four stages.

  • At first one lymphatic zone is affected. With this disease can develop in any lymph node - inguinal, axillary, cervical.

  • Two lymph nodes are then affected, which are located on one side of the diaphragm.

  • Next, the lymph nodes on both sides of the diaphragm are affected.

  • Simultaneously, the spleen or extralymphatic organ is affected.

  • Symptoms of lymphogranulomatosis

    Lymphogranulomatosis occurs with severe symptoms. At first, one lymphatic uz is located, located in the groin, on the neck or in the axillary region. Then, all the increased nodes merge into one large conglomerate. All this is accompanied by a feverish state, manifestations of excessive sweating, skin itching.

    If the disease has arisen in the cervical lymph nodes, the face becomes puffy, there is shortness of breath, breathing becomes difficult, there is an obsessive cough.

    If the tumor is located in the inguinal lymph nodes, the lower extremities begin to swell, there is pain in the abdomen.

    Later, with lymphogranulomatosis, all the protective functions of the body are weakened, because of which a person often begins to suffer from viral and infectious diseases, anemia.

    Treatment lymphogranulomatosis

    Since the lymphogranulomatosis Is an oncological disease, the main method of treatment of it is not only taking medications, but also chemotherapy and radiation therapy.

    If the disease is detected in the initial stage, one radiation therapy will suffice. That is why it is extremely important to seek medical help as soon as possible - with the first symptoms. Usually, radiotherapy in 90% of cases gives a positive result of treatment.

    If the disease is detected in the second and subsequent stages, more radical methods of treatment of are required. . In these cases, polychemotherapy and the removal of lymph nodes affected by cancer are often used. Sometimes in the late stages of the disease, lymphogranulomatosis requires an autotransplantation of the bone marrow, which usually uses high-dose chemotherapy before and after surgery.

    Prevention and prognosis

    Lymphogranulomatosis - a dangerous cancer, and if it is not treated correctly and in time, it can be fatal. Due to the fact that the exact causes of the disease are not established, prevention as such does not exist. Unfortunately, lymphogranulomatosis is not treated by folk remedies, nor by dietary supplements, and does not go away on its own. In the treatment of the disease, there must be constant monitoring by a specialist.

    Nevertheless, the prognosis of lymphogranulomatosis is not so terrible. Treatment at the initial stage, as already mentioned above, gives an excellent result (90%) and without the use of chemotherapy, which causes great harm to the body. In the second stage of development of lymphogranulomatosis, disposal of the disease is possible in 80% of cases, and in the third stage - 45%. In this case, the possibility of relapses is taken into account.