Excision of the coccyx cyst: methods, operation

The tailbone or, as it is also called, the hairy cyst is considered to be an inborn pathology, which is a narrow canal, the length of which can reach two to three centimeters. The walls of the coccyx cyst consist of connective tissue fibers, sweat, sebaceous glands, hair bulbs. The congenital narrow canal is located under the skin in the center of the interannual line, and does not connect with the coccyx.

Unfortunately, the coccyx cyst or epithelial coccygeal passage does not apply to rare diseases. This congenital pathology arises due to deformation during development of the tail end of the embryo. The ovarian cyst is very rarely acquired.

As already mentioned, coccyx cysts - congenital disease, but it begins to appear only at the age of 14 to 30 years. The main symptom of the disease is suppuration.

The coccyx cyst in another way is called a hairy cyst, this is explained by the fact that active hair growth in the coccygeal path provokes their ingrowth under the skin, as the direction of growth changes. The tailbone cyst requires treatment in the proctology surgical department.

There are several methods of operative excision of the epithelial coccygeal path. The choice of the method is the specialist's task, while the surgeon takes into account the complexity of the epithelial courses, their location, the number of secondary holes.

Methods of excision of the coccyx cyst



Excision of the coccyx cyst: methods, operation
  • With open wound

  • With closed wound

  • Method of excision of the coccyx cyst by Basque

  • Excision of the coccyx cyst by the method of caridaxis


  • Excision of the coccyx cyst does not apply to complex operations. The acquired form of zabolevaniya requires surgical intervention with the removal of the tissues of the coccygeal pathway, subjected to the inflammatory process, and also formed fistula.

    How is the coccyx cyst treated?



    When the coccyx cyst is affected by infection and inflammation, the treatment is carried out in two stages. The stage of the infiltrate requires complete removal of the coccyx cyst with all primary openings, and there is no need for a blind seam because the surgery will be repeated. When spreading the infiltrate out of the fold, first of all, it is necessary to reduce it, and only after that perform the operation.

    Treatment of acute inflammation of the coccyx cyst involves a small incision, evacuation of the abscess. Inflammatory process is removed already through several dressings. Usually, suppuration after a while again worries the patient. For this reason, doctors recommend a radical excision of the coccyx cyst to prevent relapse.