Basal cell skin, or basal cell carcinoma - is one type of skin cancer. Basal cell skin is a neoplasm from the skin's epithelium, manifested in the form of a peeling pink patch, usually on the skin of the face. people who have fair skin; people who are regularly exposed to solar radiation: young people, putting their bodies under the sun for hours; dachnikov, neglecting headdresses and protective creams; people who often contact with arsenic, petroleum products with a large number of carcinogens; aged people.
In other words, basilioma is a single reddish swelling-nodule that rises above the surface of the skin.
The risk group is:
Children and adolescents are not affected by this type of skin cancer.
Symptoms of the basal cell skin
At first glance, the symptoms of basal cell carcinoma are inconspicuous and are difficult to recognize at an early stage of the disease. At the very beginning of development, the basal cell has small dimensions - no more than 1 cm in diameter and looks like a small pimple on the neck or on the face. Later this pimple becomes an itchy and painful knot of a yellowish-gray or matte-white hue. Several similar nodules grow together, forming a basaloma. Nodules can grow slowly for several years without causing any discomfort. However, as a result, they are always transformed into a basal cell, that is, a new growth that rises above the surface of the skin.
Basaloma can have several variants of manifestations: nodular: a small itchy, sometimes bleeding nodule; superficial: externally pink shiny smooth neoplasm (easy to treat); flat: a reddish shade with clear edges resembling a roller, with a scaly rough surface, with the separation of which a small amount of blood is released. Once again we remind: the basal cell grows very slowly. But in the end, in neglected cases, destroys nearby tissues, cartilage, bones, which brings severe pain.
Treatment of skin basalioma
Modern methods of treating the basal cell skin are many. Determine the most effective and appropriate for this patient should be the attending physician. There are 6 ways to treat skin cancer, including basal cells. The radial mode. This is irradiation of a diseased part of the skin with X-rays in combination with remote gamma-therapy. It is used in the initial stages of the disease. The laser method. The most progressive and effective. In addition, it is completely painless and well tolerated by the elderly. Surgical method. This is the most popular way to treat basal. However, this method should be used only with small basaliomas or if the basal cell is in a place where the postoperative scar is not visible. Medicamentous way of treatment. As a rule, cytotoxic (antitumor) drugs are prescribed. Cryogenic method, that is, exposure to basalio liquid nitrogen. This is a quick and painless procedure. There is enough one procedure, conducted without anesthesia. At the same time, little scars remain.
Treatment of basal cell carcinoma at home is unacceptable, but it does not exist in principle.
Prevention of basal cell skin
People who are at risk should follow a few simple rules. In summer, during the hours of the most intense solar activity (this time is from 11 to 16 hours), do not go out. If there is a need, you need to use sunscreen with a protective factor of at least 20 units. It is especially necessary to protect the face and neck. Observe the diet of a healthy diet, using less animal fats and proteins and more vegetable proteins - seeds, nuts, beans. In addition, you need to eat plenty of vegetables. You can not injure old scars, expose them to friction, exposure to sun rays, chemicals. Treat to the end of the wound and non-healing ulcers. They can provoke the development of basal cell carcinoma. Observe precautionary measures when working with petroleum products and household chemicals.