Adenomas of the pituitary gland, or AH - are quite common tumors of the glandular tissue of a certain area of the brain, called chiasmatic-selly. These tumors account for 18% of all brain tumors and are found in women and men alike. Half of adenomas occur at the age of 30-50 years.
All tumors of the pituitary gland can be divided into two types:
95 percent of all tumors of the pituitary gland are benign slow growing neoplasms.
The causes of the appearance of adenomas of the pituitary gland
The reasons for this phenomenon are not fully understood. It is only possible to name the factors predisposing to the appearance of adenomas of the pituitary gland. Such factors are:
The pathogenesis of the adenomas of the pituitary gland has not been sufficiently studied.
There are hormonal inactive adenomas (insidentaloma) and hormonally active
Hormonal active pituitary adenomas:
Adenomas of the pituitary gland
In terms of their sizes,
Clinical manifestations of pituitary adenomas
The clinical picture consists of endocrine-exchange syndrome, radiologic and ophthalmo-neurological symptoms.
Treatment of adenomas of the pituitary gland
Medicamentous treatment consists in taking Parlodel (Bromocriptine). In addition, radiotherapy methods are prescribed - gamma-therapy, remote radiation therapy, proton and radiosurgical method. The latter consists in the introduction of radioactive substances into the adenoma. If a visual impairment occurs, neurosurgical treatment is performed.
Surgical treatment usually gives positive results.