Kidney pyelonephritis: causes, treatment methods

Kidney infection is provoked by bacteria, for example, E. coli (E. coli, Escherichia, Staphylococcus, Proteus, Enterococcus). Once in the urethra, the bacteria move up the urinary tract, and in the channels connecting the bladder and kidneys, with the help of bacteria and the inflammatory process begins.

More susceptible to the risk of a woman's disease, because their urethra is closer to the anus, here bacteria from the intestine are concentrated. From here it is easier to penetrate the urethra to bacteria.

In some cases, renal infection also occurs in the absence of infection of the bladder. It happens when the kidney or ureter is blocked by a stone.

Symptoms of pyelonephritis

In acute kidney infection, signs of the disease can develop rapidly for several days or even hours.

These include:

  • a sharp increase in temperature to 38 or more degrees,

  • a strong tremor,

  • swelling of the face,

  • poor state of health,

  • nausea and vomiting,

  • pain in the lower region of the back, which can be felt only on one side.

  • Every third patient with acute kidney infection, can feel the symptoms of a bladder infection in the form of burning with urination, a dark and cloudy color of urine, which also has an unpleasant odor. The need to urinate with this occurs more often than usual, and in the urine can be observed blood inclusions. Any of these symptoms require a doctor.

    The main causes of kidney pyelonephritis are

    Pyelonephritis can get sick of anyone, regardless of age and sex, but it is noticed that children under seven suffer more often. This is due to the anatomical features of the structure of the children's urinary system. In addition, women at risk from eighteen to thirty (the beginning of sexual activity, pregnancy, childbirth) and elderly men who suffer from prostatic adenoma.

    It promotes the development of pyelonephritis and obstruction of the urinary tract at:

  • frequent renal colic,

  • urolithiasis,

  • adenoma of the prostate.

  • Methods of treatment of pyelonephritis

    Chronic pyelonephritis Is a consequence of inadequate treatment of acute pyelonephritis, although various chronic diseases can lead to it.

    Complications of pyelonephritis can be renal failure, suppurative kidney disease (abscess or carbuncle of the kidney), sepsis.

    To diagnose acute pyelonephritis, a general blood and urine test is performed, which is also examined for the presence of microorganisms. This immediately determines the sensitivity of microbes to antibiotics. With help. Ultrasound clarifies the condition of the urinary tract.

    Acute pyelonephritis should be treated in the hospital, while recommended bed rest and copious drink, a special diet is prescribed. Prescribe the appropriate antibiotics, the sensitivity to which the bacteria is confirmed in the laboratory, or other antibacterial drugs. To prevent the transformation of acute pyelonephritis into chronic pyelonephritis, treatment with antibacterial drugs should last a month and a half. However, the improvement of the condition will be noticeable after a week and a half. All the same antibacterial drugs must be taken throughout the appointed time.

    If the development of pyelonephritis occurred against a background of another kidney disease or pathology of the urinary system, treatment of the underlying disease is mandatory.

    In the Main Medical Book, you can read that with inflammatory processes in the kidneys you can eat stale bread, low-fat fish and meat, vegetarian soups, cereals, vegetables, soft-boiled eggs, sunflower oil and dairy products. Garlic, onion, dill and parsley horseradish, berries and fruits, as well as juices can be consumed only in small quantities. The consumption of sweets and spices is also reduced. Fish and meat broths, especially smoked products are prohibited.