Glomerulonephritis in children: causes, symptoms, treatment

Glomerulonephritis is a common kidney disease in children, most affected by children aged 3-7 years.

Streptococcus, penetrating the child's body, begins to produce harmful substances that are carried throughout the body with blood. Toxins accumulate in the kidneys and form antigenic complexes that provoke the inflammatory process. As a result, the walls of the renal glomerulus are soldered, which greatly complicates the process of passage of the liquid.

The causes of glomerulonephritis in children

What can affect the appearance of the disease? To provoke glomerulonephritis in children may have advanced infectious diseases, such as:

  • angina,

  • laryngitis,

  • pharyngitis,

  • flu,

  • scarlet fever.

  • The causative agent of the disease, in most cases, is streptococcus. Glomerulonephritis in children may appear as a result of abscess on the skin.

    Glomerulonephritis in children is characterized by the development of the inflammatory process in the kidney glomeruli, which causes the functionality of the kidneys, fluid is not excreted from the body in time, blood pressure rises, swelling is observed, while urine contains an admixture of blood and an increased amount of protein.

    Types of glomerulonephritis

  • Acute

  • Subacute

  • Chronic

  • Acute glomerulonephritis has little chance of getting into a chronic form. The most common forms of the disease are acute and subacute. Chronic glomerulonephritis develops gradually, and can not appear for a long time.

    Glomerulonephritis and its symptoms

    The disease can be asymptomatic, but this is a rare case. Usually glomerulonephritis develops sharply, the child feels weak, the state of health worsens, often the baby is brought to a medical institution already unconscious.

    Manifestations of the disease:

  • Headache

  • Vomiting

  • Painful sensations in the lumbar region

  • Urine acquires darker shades of

  • A sharp decrease in the amount of urine

  • Increase in body temperature

  • Increase in blood pressure

  • Edemas

  • At the first suspicions of glomerulonephritis it is necessary to immediately show the child to the doctor, in time to recognize the disease and begin treatment, the absence of which can provoke the appearance of such complications as nephrotic encephalopathy, uremia, heart failure.

    Treatment of glomerulonephritis in children

    The acute form of the disease requires treatment, which lasts about a week and a half. The forecast is very positive. The doctor prescribes diuretics, penicillin preparations, recommends dieting, in addition, a sick child needs bed rest.

    Diet with glomerulonephritis

    Diet plays a particularly important role in the treatment of the disease. What is it? The second day of the disease is called sugar-fruit. If swelling is present, restriction of consumption of table salt is required. To increase the volume of excreted urine to the norm, from the diet of the child exclude protein foods - meat, fish, chicken eggs, cottage cheese.

    If, after six days of treatment, the level of toxins in the blood continues to beat the records, and the skin has a yellowish tint, there is an unpleasant smell from the mouth (the smell of urine), and also itching, the doctor decides to use hemodialysis, which provides blood purification through an apparatus called " an artificial kidney. "