Kidneys are vital organs.
In the kidneys is the regulation of the ratio of chemical elements in the human body, the removal of excess fluid and harmful substances.
Violation of the kidneys can lead to the development of kidney failure, and there is a risk of a phenomenon such as renal failure.
Causes of kidney failure
Three types of acute renal failure are divided: prerenal and postrenal. Prerenal renal failure occurs when there are problems with blood circulation. The renal form of acute pectoric insufficiency develops against the background of worsening of the work of the renal parenchyma. Postrenalnaya renal failure develops due to poor patency of the urinary tract.
Renal failure can occur as a result of severe burns, dehydration of the body, already existing kidney diseases, due to the high level of potassium in the body.
What are the first symptoms of kidney failure?
Renal failure can occur suddenly. Recognize the violations can be done by urine - it almost 100% consists only of water, while the decay products and other harmful substances continue to poison the body from the inside. This is due to the sharp loss of the ability to filter the exchange products.
The main symptoms of impaired kidneys are increased weakness, a sharp loss of body weight, loss of appetite, nausea.
Acute renal failure or renal failure may occur as a result of advanced inflammatory diseases of the urinary system.
Sleep disturbance, severe headaches, excessive dryness in the mouth, smack of metal, increased thirst, shortness of breath, swelling of the lower extremities, fatigue, confusion, decreased concentration of attention - all these may be the first symptoms of kidney failure. In addition, there may be signs such as diarrhea, abdominal pain, a decrease in the volume of excreted urine. A severe condition can provoke paralysis, convulsions, coma, pulmonary edema. Therefore, you can not joke with the kidneys. Timely failure to provide medical care can be fatal.
Possible consequences are
Acute renal failure may cause the development of necrosis (death of tissues) in the kidneys. As a rule, this happens because of prolonged circulatory disorders in the kidneys. Often there are swelling of the lungs, kidneys are affected by infection.
Treatment of kidney failure
Diagnose blood and urine tests. A kidney biopsy may be required. If renal failure is confirmed, first of all, all forces are sent to eliminate the cause that caused kidney failure. It is also necessary to carry out procedures aimed at removing toxins from the patient's body.
For the duration of treatment, it is recommended that the kidney be maintained to work for further recovery. After discharge from the hospital, the patient continues drug treatment.