Concrements in the kidney: the causes of education, treatment

What are concrements? And what are they like?

Concrements in the kidneys Is a pathological condition of the human body that develops as a result of impairing the properties of urine. The disease that develops in this case is called urolithiasis.

Concrete is a dense stone-like substance, formed from:

  • fibrin filaments;

  • amorphous urine sediment;

  • foreign bodies;

  • cellular detrites;

  • bacteria;

  • salts that penetrated the structure of the kidneys.

  • Classification of concrements is carried out on the basis of their chemical composition at:

  • Oxalate (base - salts of oxalic acid);

  • urate (base - salts of uric acid);

  • phosphate (base - calcium phosphates);

  • Carbonate (base - calcium carbonate);

  • protein (the basis - fibrin and bacteria);

  • cystine (base - sulphurous cystine compounds);

  • Cholesterol (basis - cholesterol).

  • What are the reasons for the formation of concrements in the kidneys ?

    Most often they are symptoms of urolithiasis, in which there is an imbalance of colloid balance and changes in the renal parenchyma. This leads to the formation of micelles - nuclei, around which subsequently the concrement is formed.

    Other reasons include:

  • salt imbalance in the body;

  • long exposure to hot climatic conditions;

  • improper drinking regimen (use of hard water or obviously insufficient amount of water);

  • features of the diet;

  • infectious lesions of the urinary organs;

  • intoxication;

  • heredity;

  • diseases accompanied by a violation of mineral metabolism.

  • How to diagnose concrements and the cause of their appearance?

    The statement and confirmation of the diagnosis is made on the basis of recorded symptoms and anamnesis - is confirmed by a positive symptom of Pasternatsky and painful sensations are observed during palpation of the regions of the kidneys and ureters.

    Among the instrumental diagnostic techniques, the most effective and reliable are:

  • Ultrasound, and not only the kidneys, but also other abdominal organs, which allows you to exclude similar diseases in terms of symptoms;

  • urography (review, excretory);

  • pyelography;

  • radioisotope scintigraphy;

  • computer and magnetic resonance imaging.

  • Maximum informativity in X-ray and ultrasound studies - their results allow to determine the size, shape and localization of stones, as well as to detect the presence of structural changes in the kidneys.

    The necessary tests for the diagnosis of concrements are general and biochemical studies of urine and blood. In the urine, in the presence of kidney stones, fresh erythrocytes, leukocytes and salts must be present. And the composition of the blood can uniquely determine the type of stones, as well as establish the cause of their formation.

    Medical methods of treatment concrements in the kidneys

    All medical techniques are aimed not only at getting rid of kidney stones, but also at preventing infections and relapses.

    If the calculi are small (no more than 3 - 4 mm across), then they can be excreted by the body on their own. To do this, you only need to create suitable conditions - adhere to the recommended diet and the right drinking regime.

    Increase the intensity of the process of removing stones allow individual medicines:

  • dissolving the chemical structure of stones;

  • antibiotics;

  • diuretics;

  • nitrofurans;

  • antispasmodics.

  • The choice of a medicamentous complex also is made depending on type of stones. To the universal means possessing, in addition to therapeutic, also a preventive effect, include preparations urolesan, kanefron, potassium citrate and various drugs with a diuretic effect.

    If the disease is accompanied by renal colic, it is necessary to get rid of painful attacks and obstruction. The most effective in this direction are injections:

  • platyphylline;

  • metamizole sodium;

  • morphine;

  • complex of analgesics and atropine.

  • Increase the effectiveness of these drugs allow a warm sedentary bath and warming the lumbar zone.

    If renal colic occurs very often, or concrements are in a neglected state, characterized by the occurrence of complications, then the methods for their immediate removal are applied, divided into:

  • non-invasive (remote lithotripsy, percutaneous nephrolithotripsy in combination with lithoextraction);

  • laparoscopic (pyelolithotomy, nephrolithotomy, nephrectomy).

  • After prompt removal of concrements, a person needs constant compliance with the diet and eliminating any risk factors for relapses. Regular spa treatment is also recommended.

    VIDEO Urolithiasis. Treatment of kidney stones. What is the danger of the stones?

    5-th best folk remedies

    To popular methods it is expedient to resort only at small sizes of stones. Known as the types of stone-specific methods, as well as the universal ones, described below.

  • Bath procedures lasting 15 minutes in warm water with the addition of decoction of horsetail field, which is prepared in proportion to 1 cup of boiling water for 1 tablespoon of collection. Then the mixture is infused for 10 minutes in a water bath. In front of the bathroom you should drink a glass of this broth, and after the bath - 1 tablespoon of honey mixture with radish juice and cover the body with a warm blanket.

  • Applying warm crushed potatoes, boiled in a uniform, on the stomach in the area of ​​the diseased kidney.

  • Drinking instead of tea mixture on the roots of sunflower. To do this, it is necessary to grind 300 g of these roots, pour 3 liters of water, boil for 3 minutes, then let cool and strain.

  • Lumbar compresses from warm brewed oat straw (they heat the ureter, facilitating the withdrawal from the stones).

  • If there is a task of crushing stones, then it is advisable to use film from the navels or bile chicken. The film is dried and crushed, and the resulting powder is taken orally before a meal of 0.5 to 1 teaspoon for 1 to 2 months. Bile in the amount of 3 drops is poured into the balls of bread crumb diameter of 2 cm, which are used 1 to 2 weeks 2 pieces after 30 minutes after eating.

  • As worms (helminths) affect the formation of concrements in the kidneys ?

    Worms have the ability to migrate throughout the body through blood vessels, digestive, urinary and other canals. Thus, they can penetrate into various organs, including the kidneys. And being foreign bodies for the kidneys, worms cause disruption of their normal functioning, causing not only the formation of concrements, but also the development of pyelonephrosis and other serious pathologies, often irreversible.

    Sports, nutrition, abundant drink - prevention of stones?

    Abundant drink is a mandatory measure in the prevention and treatment of concrements. It is recommended to consume 3 or more liters of water during the day. It is important to observe equal intervals between receiving water, which requires drinking even at night. The indicator of sufficiency of a liquid in an organism - a transparency or slightly yellowish shade of urine. If the water enters the kidneys in insufficient quantities, the urine becomes turbid and acquires a rich yellow color.

    In addition to water, you can also drink natural juices that can increase the concentration in the body of citrates. The most pronounced effect is lemon juice, but its regular consumption can harm the gastrointestinal tract.

    It should completely abandon the consumption of sweet, carbonated and hot, caffeinated, beverages.

    Another important component of effective treatment and prevention of concrements is a properly selected diet. Its composition depends on both the type of kidney stones and the characteristics of the patient's body. The general requirements are:

  • minimal consumption of salty products;

  • the maximum increase in the amount of food saturated with animal fats and proteins;

  • mandatory daily intake of sour-milk products and vitamin complexes with calcium;

  • complete exclusion of fried foods (with no restrictions on dishes cooked by steaming, boiling or extinguishing - no);

  • the cessation of the use of high-calorie food, which increases the risk of obesity - one of the factors that provoke the formation of stones.

  • It is recommended to use:

  • berries, especially watermelon;

  • vegetables;

  • dried fruits;

  • products from wholemeal flour;

  • lean meat of fish and animals;

  • porridge;

  • honey.

  • Not recommended:

  • bow;

  • garlic;

  • parsley;

  • sorrel;

  • spinach;

  • horseradish;

  • mustard;

  • beans;

  • chocolate;

  • smoked meat.

  • Active lifestyle stimulates the work of all internal organs, increasing the intensity of blood flow and creating changes in intra-abdominal pressure, which activates the process of removing stones. The most preferred variants of sports activities with kidney stones are:

  • morning exercises;

  • Running (minimum 1 hour per week);

  • dancing;

  • normal walking (continuously for 2 - 3 hours).

  • At the same time, effectiveness is more influenced not by the duration of sports activities, but by their intensity. But it should not exceed average values ​​- serious loads that require considerable physical effort (lifting weights, jumping, riding a horse) are contraindicated.

    Many studies have confirmed that sedentary lifestyle by 40% increases the likelihood of kidney stones formation, in comparison with active life activity.

    What happens if you do not treat the disease?

    At the initial stage of formation of concrements in the kidneys have a small size. In the future, if you do not take any countermeasures, their growth continues. As a result, the stones reach a critical value, which is likely to lead to serious complications, up to the need to remove the kidney.

    The most serious complications are:

  • cystitis;

  • pyelonephritis;

  • dialysis;

  • difficulty urinating.

  • If a medium-sized stone falls into the urinary tract, then its progress along them is accompanied by:

  • pains in the region of the waist, giving in the extremities and inguinal zone;

  • fever;

  • nausea;

  • the appearance of blood in the urine;

  • general weakening of the body;

  • depressed appetite;

  • dryness in the oral cavity.

  • VIDEO Kidney stones: causes, symptoms, effects and treatment