The function of the kidneys is to remove toxins and metabolic products from the body and to ensure the acid-base balance of the blood plasma.
Diseases of the kidneys and the function of the entire urinary system are extremely negative. Such diseases can be both congenital, and acquired.
Symptoms of kidney disease
The first signs of such pathologies are known to everyone, this is:
Constantly, regardless of these specific manifestations, you should observe the color of your urine. Anxiety should be caused by blood in the urine, salt or sand coming out with it. These observations should be sure to share with the doctor.
How to know that your kidneys are ill on secondary signs?
Additional signs of kidney disease are red-brown circles and swelling under the eyes in the morning, pale or yellowish shade of the skin of the face, various troubles with hair and nails. Possible reddening of the skin above the projection of the kidneys and swelling in the lumbar region. Renal colic is the main symptom of urolithiasis. There is a withdrawal of the stone from the pelvis, clogging of the ureter and wounding its walls. In this case, the outflow of urine is disturbed, and the nerve endings in the walls of the pelvis and ureter are irritated, so there is quite a strong sharp cramping pain in the lumbar region.
Heat, chills, fatigue, headache and loss of appetite are characteristic of inflammatory diseases of the kidneys, in this case the right kidney usually hurts, which is associated with the peculiarities of location and blood supply.
The most common renal diseases are urolithiasis, glomerulonephritis and pyelonephritis, but their symptoms are often hidden. Therefore, any changes from the kidneys must be noticed. The main thing is to start treatment in time.
On these grounds, kidney disease in adults can be suspected, although the children repeat the same symptoms, except that they can still have an excessive increase in the size of the abdomen.
Also, children, especially the elderly, may experience enuresis (bedwetting), this pathology should also be referred to a doctor.
Possible causes of kidney disease
Among the many factors that can cause kidney disease and in general the urinary system can be identified:
However, and uncontrolled consumption of medications is a direct way to impair kidney function. Here you can add injuries, a sedentary lifestyle and an unfavorable ecological situation.
Congenital kidney disease can be caused by abnormal pregnancy, various pathologies of embryonic development, and a number of other factors.
Infectious diseases of the kidneys cause viruses and bacteria that enter the body from inflammation foci localized in other areas of the body. Therefore, you can not run any disease.
Diet in patients with kidney disease
When kidney disease is extremely important to choose the right diet, which will help the body fight disease more actively. It is necessary to cancel carbonated drinks, smoked products, beans, confectionery products with fat cream, fish, mushroom, meat broths, pickles and canned goods.
Diet with kidney disease should help to keep the body weight, it is very important in such diseases.
It is necessary to choose foods in which the protein is easily digested, it includes milk, eggs, cottage cheese, lean meat.
In chronic kidney diseases, the daily dose of protein consumed should not exceed twenty to twenty-five grams, and first of all, vegetable proteins should be excluded. The same goes for salt, which is better to refuse, since the sodium contained in it is undesirable in these diseases.