A nerve tic is an involuntary contraction of muscles or muscle groups that is repeated frequently and regularly. The most common is the eye tic.
It is interesting that the nervous tic is manifested not only in the form of sharp muscle contractions, but also in the form of uttering strange sounds, complex movements, shouting words. There is a disease at any age. But the child has a nervous tic many times more often.
Types of nerve tics and their causes
Nerve ticks are divided into:
Primary nervous tic, as a rule, appears at the age of 5-7 considered the most vulnerable in terms of emotional impact in children's psychologists. The most common cause of this nervous tic is the psychoemotional injury received at this age. In this case, the trauma can be acute - one-time (for example, the presence of a child with a family drama) and chronic - a sense of abandonment, forgetfulness, uselessness to their parents, mother in the first place. Sometimes, in cases when the family is okay, the cause of the primary nervous tic does not clear up.
Secondary nervous tic develops as a consequence of the resulting mechanical trauma, including - the birth, as well as tumors, metabolic disorders in the brain. In this case, secondary tick is one of the symptoms of the existing disease. Causes can be any diseases that have been caused, which, albeit for a short period, caused hypoxia of the brain, for example, a viral infection.
Another group of diseases, which is the cause of secondary nervous tics - a disease during which the reflex movement, which was forced by the illness, becomes a nervous tic afterwards. This is the case with tonsillitis, when the child is forced to swallow constantly. The habit of swallowing can remain even after removal of the tonsils.
Hereditary nervous tic they call it Tourette's syndrome. Disease, as a rule, occurs in other members of the family, and, maybe in another form: the mother - jerks the eye, the son - the head.
Types of nervous tics
All nervous tics are divided into three large groups.
Manifestations of a nervous tic
A person may not realize - what he does with a nervous tick, movements can not be controlled. A fit of a nervous tic can be anticipated. Individual people can even suppress the will by force of will, but not for long.
There is a nervous tic, usually in a state of increased excitement or fatigue, rarely in a period of calm.
The nervous tic does not lead to a decrease in intelligence or worsening of the nervous system. But it can affect the psychoemotional state, especially in a child who hears ridicule from peers. Then, with a large crowd of people or in a noisy place, a nervous tic can intensify.
Treatment of a nervous tic
The main treatment is the normalization and stabilization of the psychological and emotional environment. For a child it is, above all, a family. In severe cases, special psychotherapy is possible. Children are taught in the form of play to cope with stress.
Adults in the case of simple nervous tics of a persistent nature - for example, twitching eyes - use neurotoxic drugs that block nerve impulses. For this purpose, Botox injections are used.
From medications, it is recommended to take soft soothing drugs of plant origin - it can be tinctures of valerian, motherwort, etc. But strong drugs for treating nervous types are not recommended.