Obsessive-compulsive disorder: causes, symptoms, treatment

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (ROC) - [/b] the neurosis of compulsive states, is characterized by the appearance in patients of undesirable, repetitive obsessive thoughts, memories, fantasies, drives, doubts, fears and actions that people perceive as their own, and not brought from outside. Obsessions (obsessions) cause a person to commit compulsive actions (compulsions). With ROC [b] obsessive thoughts are associated with anxiety and psychological discomfort, they are constantly repeated, a person can not get rid of them.

The reason for the appearance of ROC is unknown, but the risk factors for this debilitating condition are:

  • heredity;

  • features of the action of the autonomic nervous system;

  • micropathology of the brain;

  • infectious diseases of streptococcal nature;

  • disorders in the level of neurotransmitters (dopamine, serotonin, etc.);

  • traumatic situations;

  • different accentuations of character or personality;

  • social factors.

  • Signs of obsessive-compulsive disorder

    Obsessive thoughts are associated with a feeling of anxiety or fear. Individuals with ROC are forced to perform deliberate, repetitive actions to prevent or alleviate imaginary misfortune. To eliminate the obsession with the idea of ​​pollution, they constantly clean the clothes, repeatedly wash their hands during the day for fear of contracting a serious infectious disease, and check to see if the front door is locked. To reduce the imaginary danger, there are also mental rituals.

    Most people with OCD know that obsessive ideas of reality do not correspond to what OCD differs from psychotic diseases when there is no adequate assessment of reality.

    OCD is found equally often both in women and men, often secretly, for fear of being ashamed. 80% have thoughts and actions, 20% have thoughts isolated from actions. One-third diagnose depression in the diagnosis, but as a whole at a certain point it develops in 2/3 of the patients.

    Treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder

    There are medicinal and psychotherapeutic methods of OCD treatment, but the most effective is their combination.

    Essential medicines are antidepressants with anti-obsessive (against obsessive thoughts) effect and anxiolytics (anti-anxiety drugs). Officially approved Prozac, Anafranil, Fevarin, Zoloft and Paxil are also effective.

    Psychotherapy is aimed at addressing the psychological problems of the person who underlie the disease. The most recommended is cognitive-behavioral psychotherapy. People with OCD are often helped by the reproduction of situations when they begin to change their mental and behavioral attitudes, realizing that their ritual is not needed to reduce discomfort.