Claustrophobia - this is a special state of a person, in which he experiences an irrational fear, that he has no way out. Often, such a disorder causes a panic attack. Attacks can occur in some situation or as a result of certain incentives. The most typical attacks in a room without windows, in a crowded elevator or in an airplane. Sometimes an attack of claustrophobia can cause clothes with a very fitting collar.
The term claustrophobia consists of two Latin words, which mean "locked in place" and "fear". According to statistics, about 6% of the world's population suffer from claustrophobia, but most of them do not seek medical help. People who suffer from claustrophobia deliberately avoid situations that can cause them panic or anxiety. Most likely, they will exclude from their lives the underground and underground passages. Because of the fear of a trip in the elevator, people do not even think about how many floors they will have to walk on foot. Let's see what are the symptoms and causes of claustrophobia.
Typical symptoms of claustrophobia are
- Anxiety that occurs in a confined space;
- Fear of lack of oxygen in a small space and fear of limitation;
- Fear of illness or injury;
- Sweating, trembling, panic attacks;
- Increased blood pressure, nausea;
- Acceleration of the heart rate, rapid breathing;
- Dizziness and fainting.
Most often with claustrophobia there is a fear of not a closed space, but a fear of exhausting oxygen. The rooms that can cause an attack are usually of small size and do not contain windows:
- Small rooms, locked rooms, cellars;
- Airplanes, trains, cars;
Such symptoms of claustrophobia, as anxiety and panic, can appear not only in a confined space, but also can be caused by the need to stay in a place for a long time. For example, standing in a long queue. A panic attack can trigger an MRI unit. To conduct research on it, you must be in a confined space and all this time be limited in motion.
People who are characterized by the symptoms of claustrophobia, subconsciously take any action to avoid their own fear and panic. For example:
- Entering the room, the person visually looks for an outlet and becomes close to him. If all doors are closed, the person immediately manifests anxiety;
- Even in a large room in a large number of people, a person will take a place near the exit;
- A person does not sit behind the wheel of his car during rush hours to avoid getting into traffic jams;
- A person will avoid trips in public transport during rush hours, when the number of people in land and underground transport is maximized;
- A person will not use the elevator, even if it is necessary to climb to the high floor, which will certainly cause fatigue;
- In severe forms of claustrophobia, a person becomes nervous if the door in the room in which he is located is closed.
The causes of the appearance of claustrophobia
Claustrophobia usually occurs after the experience experienced in childhood. Small spaces cause associations with danger and awaken a sense of panic. For example, it can be:
- Being in a crowded place without parents;
- Inability to swim and fall into a deep pool;
- Problems during scanning in the MRI.
Once experienced negative experience, which as a result led to trauma, has a serious impact on human behavior in similar situations in the future. If there is fear in the mind, the body reacts accordingly. This behavior can be borrowed from parents who suffer from claustrophobia. The child imitates and copies the form of behavior of parents in a certain situation. And in the end, can adopt the attitude to the situation.
Another theory of the emergence of claustrophobia in humans claims that the effect is exacerbated by the amygdala, a part of the brain that controls the reactions of the body during fear. There is an opinion that various phobias arise at the genetic level and are not related to psychological reactions. On the basis of research it is proved that all phobias are present in the body of every person, but are at rest. These are the so-called evolutionary mechanisms of survival. Before, the survival instinct was of decisive importance for man. Now this property is left in the genetic code and does not develop because of uselessness.