All known epilepsy is associated with disorders in the work of the nervous system and brain damage.
Most often this disease is transmitted by inheritance, but it is possible that the disease develops a background of similar psychoneurological diseases, suffered craniocerebral trauma, pathologies in the development of the brain, acute alcohol or drug dependence, and a number of other factors.
However, just a violation of the structure of the brain and provokes malfunctions in his work.
Primary or idiopathic epilepsy is the form of this disease. Experts say that the forecast in this case is favorable. Timely initiation of treatment guarantees complete and rapid recovery.
Causes of epilepsy
Until the end, the causes of idiopathic epilepsy have not been studied. The fact is that the main feature of this disease is precisely the difficulty in identifying the exact cause of its development.
However, it is known that the development of this type of lesion of the nervous system is not due to any violation of gray matter or brain structure. Just happens a change in the degree of excitability of the brain and the activity of nerve cells.
Risk factors in this case are lesions of the nervous system, strokes, hereditary predisposition. Age is also important - children and youth at the age from four to ten and from twelve to eighteen are the most disposed to the disease. Long-term use of medications also contributes to the onset of the disease.
The main manifestations of epilepsy are loss of consciousness, various seizures, convulsive muscle contractions, or a complete loss of their tone, disappearance of reaction to the environment, visual disturbances, the urge to vomit and involuntary jerking of the extremities or the entire trunk.
Duration and combinations of these signs can often suggest the severity and form of the disease. On average, the attack lasts from a couple of seconds to several minutes.
Treatment of idiopathic epilepsy
A person with idiopathic epilepsy lives constantly using special medicines, while he must constantly limit himself in some varieties of habitual activity. This usually refers to driving a car, uncontrolled swimming in water, limiting physical activity and a number of other restrictions.
There are possible conditions in which idiopathic epilepsy can manifest itself several times in a short period of time, or last more than half an hour, in which case there is a high probability of complications.
With the development of complications, the duration of each attack can increase, it is possible to impede breathing and complete heart failure, coma and death.
In any case, after suffering such a fit, a person must devote several days of his rehabilitation.