Menopause is the period that begins with the date of the last menstruation. During this period, the process begins to reduce the number of follicles produced in the ovaries and, accordingly, the cessation of their maturation, resulting in menstruation does not come.
To paraphrase the famous quote from Pushkin, we can say that menopause and pregnancy are two things incompatible. Since with the onset of the menopause period, the activity of the ovaries fades. However, in them follicles with eggs for a long time still remain, therefore the risk of getting pregnant persists for the first two years after the last menstruation.
By the age of 50 the number of eggs in the body of a woman has been reduced from hundreds of thousands to a minimum. When ovulation no longer comes (that is, when a mature egg does not leave the follicle to meet the sperm), then the woman's fertility is lost, and pregnancy in this case is possible only when the donor egg is introduced into her body. But! A small amount of estrogen in adipose tissue continues to be produced, so it's still not worth the risk. It would be better if a woman listened to the advice of specialists and would use contraception for at least one year after the last menstrual period (that is, after the onset of menopause). In addition, the probability of becoming pregnant during the menopause period also exists in those women who are treated for menstrual irregularities and are not protected from possible pregnancies.
What are the best methods of contraception in the period of menopause?
In principle, any method is suitable. Non-smokers can use low-dosage oral contraceptives. In this case, preference should be given to gestagenic preparations, such as norplant, mini-pills, since they do not contain an estrogen component that can cause complications such as increased blood clotting, negative effects on the liver, etc.
Remember! The onset of pregnancy after the age of 40 and even more so after 50 is a very dangerous experiment. The same concerns the interruption of unwanted pregnancy. Pregnancy is itself a stress for a mature organism, and the combination of pregnancy and menopause gives a double effect: the composition and concentration of mineral, especially calcium, changes the load on the liver, kidneys, etc., the organs can affect the course of pregnancy already acquired chronic diseases .
All this must be remembered in the event that you are not protected during the first year after the onset of menopause. Further, the absence of contraception is no longer frightening.