Currently, there are three main types of mineral water - medicinal (mineralization of more than 8 grams per liter), therapeutic-table (mineralization 1-8 grams per liter) and dining room (mineralization no more than 1 gram per liter). Of these waters, only a dining room can be consumed by people with different health characteristics and in any quantities. Treatment and canteen, and even more therapeutic should be taken only on the advice of a doctor, since this is the same medicine. Uncontrolled reception of mineral water can worsen the state of health, gastrointestinal tract disease may occur, kidney pathologies may arise, as the burden on the kidneys increases.
Composition of mineral waters
Is it possible to drink carbonated water for pregnant women? It all depends on the composition. In the mineral water there are different salts - chloride and potassium-sodium . Chlorides are a salt base that attracts liquid to itself. The use of mineral water, which contains chlorides, can cause the appearance of edema and increased blood pressure. But potassium and sodium are elements that are extremely necessary for the flow of many processes in the body - from carrying out nerve impulses to metabolism in cells.
It is worth noting that carbonated water provokes the process of fermentation in the intestines, so it is recommended to open it in advance, in order to partially release the gas.
The composition of any sweet carbonated drink includes citric and malic acids, as well as sugar. Acids provoke heartburn, negatively affect the mucous membrane of the stomach, and sugar contributes to excess weight. After all, the calorie content of sweet drinks is not less than sweets, and the ingredients include components that are unsafe for the health of the mother and child.
Is it possible to drink carbonated water for pregnant women?
The very name - carbonated water - speaks about the presence of carbon dioxide. Upon entering the stomach, the gas bubbles accumulate and begin to burst, preventing proper functioning. Partially, the gas passes further into the intestine, and partly through the esophagus, it emerges outward in the form of an eructation. If a woman also suffers from heartburn, she experiences pain along the esophagus. Part of the gas that has passed into the intestine interferes with its normal functioning, disrupting peristalsis and causing bloating. Disturbed peristalsis of the intestine can manifest as an unexpected constipation, and liquid stool. In patients suffering from peptic ulcer, gastritis or predisposed to these diseases, carbon dioxide can provoke an exacerbation.
In a variety of carbonated beverages, a food supplement, aspartame, is used - the sweetener is almost 200 times sweeter than sugar. Aspartame stimulates the appetite, which the pregnant woman does not suffer yet, so she can consume useful low-calorie foods, but note a significant increase in weight. Excessive use of aspartame disrupts the functioning of the liver and increases the triglycerides, and this contributes to obesity and the development of diabetes mellitus (not only in adults, but also in children).
In carbonated beverages, phosphoric acid is present. If there is a hereditary predisposition to cholelithiasis or urolithiasis, this may increase the risk of gallstones or kidney stones. In pregnancy, this risk is greater, as the kidneys and so work with increased stress.
Adding all sorts of flavorings, dyes and preservatives can contribute to the emergence of various allergies - from rhinitis to bronchial asthma, causing allergic diseases in the unborn child.
In addition, dentists believe that carbonated beverages destroy tooth enamel and accelerate the development of caries. In the body of a pregnant woman, the calcium and fluoride consumption necessary for the laying of teeth and the formation of bone tissue in the child is increased, so the enamel is destroyed more easily and quickly.
Therefore, pregnant women need to drink mineral non-carbonated water, containing salts of potassium, magnesium and sodium. A carbonated drink from the diet is better to exclude, at least during pregnancy and breastfeeding.