Unfortunately, infertility today is not uncommon. However, it is difficult to establish what exactly became the cause of infertility. It's not a secret for anyone that infertility can be both male and female. Fortunately, today there are methods of diagnosing infertility, which allow not only to detect its presence, but also to help establish the causes of such a phenomenon.
What is infertility and what methods of infertility diagnosis are used in modern medicine.
What is infertility such a diagnosis can be made by a doctor only in the absence of pregnancy within a year, provided a regular sexual life without any contraceptives.
If the pregnancy does not occur for a long time, it is necessary to undergo a medical examination, which includes a routine examination in the gynecologist's office, ultrasound examination of the pelvic organs, thyroid gland, mammary glands, examination for hidden infections, spermogram, determination of hormonal balance, observation of rectal temperature , and also, such methods of infertility diagnostics as hysteroscopy, hysterosalpingography, laparoscopy.
More details about the methods of infertility diagnosis
Post-intestinal test allows to determine the presence of cervical abnormalities, mucus of the cervical canal, erosion, which often leads to infertility. The method consists in taking mucus from the cervix to determine, so to speak, the viability of sperm in the vagina after sexual intercourse. Normally, mucus is transparent, active sperm are present.
It is very important to determine the patency of the fallopian tubes. This is done by feeding the gas with a special applicator, meanwhile, the doctor listens to the passage of gas through the fallopian tubes using a stethoscope. A woman can be under general anesthesia. During the study, it is important to measure the gas pressure. A sharp increase in pressure indicates obstruction of the fallopian tubes.
Often the cause of infertility is failure of hormonal balance . Therefore, modern methods of diagnosing infertility can not do without hormonal examination. For its implementation, women are asked to donate blood for 3-5 as well as 20-22 days of the cycle. This allows you to determine the level of hormones in the patient's body.
Transvaginal ultrasound allows to assess the status of the uterus and ovaries, to reveal the presence of all kinds of abnormalities in the activity of female genital organs. It is important to carry out this study in the middle of the cycle.
Hysterosalpingography is to study the fallopian tubes using radiopaque substances to assess the patency of the fallopian tubes. The recommended period is 6-13 days of the cycle.
Modern methods of diagnosing infertility can include hysteroscopy in the case of pathology in the process of hysterosalpingography. The method consists in conducting a telescopic instrument into the uterine cavity through the cervix for examination, so to speak, from the inside.
Laparoscopy is a minimally invasive procedure, that is, the doctor makes a small incision of the abdominal cavity through which the medical instrument is inserted - the laparoscope. It allows to diagnose such a disease as endometriosis, to reveal violations in the structure of the organs of the female reproductive system, scars, which can also cause infertility.
Sometimes the cause of the impossibility of pregnancy become problems that interfere with the process at the embryo implantation stage. To determine the possibility of implanting a fertilized egg into the endometrium, an endometrial biopsy may be required. This method is carried out by sampling endometrial tissue.