Medical abortion of pregnancy is an abortion without surgery. The main condition for medical abortion is the early pregnancy, namely up to six weeks, after which the effectiveness of taking the drug is significantly reduced.
Mechanism of action of drugs provoking medical abortion - blocking the action of the hormone progesterone, which is necessary for the development and maintenance of pregnancy. The embryonic membranes begin to exfoliate from the uterine wall, after which the fetal egg is displaced from the cavity.
Pros of drug abortion The product in the early stages of pregnancy, which significantly reduces the formation of hormonal disorders in the female body Lack of surgical intervention Painlessness Absence of risk of mechanical damage to the uterus and cervix The need for anesthesia disappears Medical abortion is carried out in a short time Lack of preparation Low level of possible undesirable consequences Exclusion of infertility
Apparently, there are many advantages of drug abortion, but, as elsewhere, there are disadvantages, therefore, even with such simplicity of the procedure, it is worth consulting with a gynecologist (for confirmation of pregnancy and correct setting of the term, as well as for a rational choice of the drug) , after all, as with any drug, the means provoking abortion have contraindications.
Risks in the performance of drug abortion Incompleteness. Often it happens that the surgeon's intervention is still necessary Bleeding With unfinished medical abortion, the probability of a child with deviations is fairly high
In what cases it is impossible to carry out medical abortion? If the first day of the last menstruation has passed more than 9 weeks If there is an intrauterine device High blood pressure Diseases of the heart and blood vessels Disorders of the liver, kidneys, lungs Epilepsy Smoking and age 35+ Intolerance to medicines Myoma of the uterus Inflammatory diseases Ectopic pregnancy Pregnancy that arose after the abolition of hormonal contraception Possible symptoms that may appear during medical abortion Nausea Vomiting Chilliness Diarrhea Moderate abdominal pains in the form of spasms (reminiscent of pain during menstruation), but with severe pain in the lower abdomen and lower back, see a doctor Vertigo Vaginal bleeding during the week - the norm, but with profuse and prolonged bleeding, treatment in women's consultation is necessary If the body temperature is higher than 38 degrees, you should also visit a doctor
The most common drugs for medical abortion are Mifepristone, Mifegin, and Pencrofton.