Lactation Is the process of milk production in the mammary glands. Under the influence of hormones, lactation begins after the birth of a child and is associated with the excretion of milk from the glands.
Breastfeeding is required for the baby and is the only suitable diet.
The process of milk formation is activated by hormone prolactin, the amount of which increases after each breastfeeding and milk is produced for further feeding. The withdrawal of milk from the alveoli by hormone oxytocin.
Milk production is controlled by a lactation inhibitor. In this case, if milk is not withdrawn, then the rate of its synthesis decreases or formation stops.
Feeding according to the needs of
The child contributes to the development of the daily volume of milk from the mother. It is advisable to give the baby a breast every time he needs it. Do not limit the feeding of either volume or duration.
The duration of breastfeeding should last from 6 months to 2 years, because the mother's milk is the shaper of the child's immunity, provides him with all the necessary components and is responsible for the optimal functioning of the internal organs. Also, natural feeding has a beneficial effect on the health of women, it activates lactation.
It is not advisable to give the baby in milk with little concern for him, because he asks for a breast not only to quench hunger and thirst, but also for a restful sleep, a sense of unity with the mother. Breastfeeding is also necessary for the baby for psychological adaptation in the world.
Induced lactation and relaxation
Relaxation is the restoration of the formation of milk by a woman who previously breastfed. To provoke the relaxation, you should regularly stimulate the breast by expressing the milk, or giving it to the baby. As a consequence, there is an increase in the number of prolactin in the blood and intensive production of milk. Continuous elimination of milk from the breast leads to the optimization of lactation .
Breastfeeding women can also breastfeed. This lactation is called induced. It is activated by the stimulation of the nipples and the intake of special hormones.
Beautiful and healthy breasts during lactation
In the process of lactation, a healthy woman who cares for the breast will not lose her form. The main factor affecting the change in the shape of the breast is the change in weight during pregnancy. The skin on the chest is elastic, so it can withstand the increase in volume. But when the weight of a woman increases, the skin of the breast can not cope with double stretching, it hangs, and stretch marks appear.
To preserve the beauty of the breast, during pregnancy, a woman should follow a diet, exercise and avoid excess weight.
It is advisable to wash nipples with cool water during pregnancy, to do rubbing with a terry towel, to use a comfortable bra. During the entire pregnancy, you need to undergo an examination with a mammologist.
Favorable is the visit to the pool, the passage of specialized courses in gymnastics or yoga.
Immediately after delivery, until the production of milk has begun, it is not advisable to drink a large amount of water, because this can cause milk stagnation (lactostasis). At the same time, painful sensations in the chest region may appear, compaction may appear and the temperature may rise. Stagnant milk stimulates the formation of infections and microbes, causing mastitis. Preventive measures against nipple and mastitis cracks is massaging the breast. Cracks in the nipples need to be treated with greens and specialized substances. Zelenka can be a good prophylaxis against thrush in the mouth of the baby.
When mastitis occurs, lactation should be stopped, with the remaining milk being expressed by a vacuum breast pump.
It is advisable to continue breastfeeding from 6 months to 2 years, gradually reducing lactation. With each time, less milk will be produced and after a while lactation will stop.
After the completion of lactation, training for strengthening the muscles of the chest wall will be very useful.
Increase of lactation with a specialized diet
If the nutrition of the nursing mother is complete, this stimulates the quality and volume of breast milk. To a baby enough milk, a woman should increase the caloric content of the diet by 700-1000 calories. Do not abuse fatty foods. Every day you can eat 200 grams of meat, drink milk or milk, eat fruits, vegetables, cheese, cottage cheese.
To increase milk production, a woman needs to drink about 2 liters of liquid a day (but this reduces the amount of vitamins, fats and proteins in milk). You can not drink alcoholic beverages, buy, because it can cause dysfunction of the baby's nervous system.
It is necessary to limit ourselves to the following products: nuts, coffee, chocolate, mushrooms, honey, citrus fruits and caviar. They can cause allergic reactions of the child's body.
Sharp foods and foods with a strong odor (onion, garlic) can change the taste of milk, which causes the baby to refuse feeding.
Increase the formation of milk broths of nettle, dandelion, caraway and dill.
Increase of lactation by dandelion and carrot
Carrots can be used in the preparation of an effective means for increasing the production of milk.
You need to wash the fresh carrots, treat it with boiling water, rub it and squeeze out the juice. The juice should be drunk three times a day for 100 grams. To improve the taste of the drink, it can be diluted with cream or milk in an amount of 1 tablespoon.
You can make juice from young dandelion leaves. To do this, you need to scroll them on a meat grinder, squeeze the juice, salt it and insist for 30 minutes. The drug is taken 2 times a day for 100 grams. To improve the taste of the remedy, you can add sugar or lemon juice.
Useful infusion can be made from salad seeds. To do this, 20 grams of seeds need to be crushed, add a glass of boiling water and press for 3 hours. The drink is consumed 3 times a day.
You can also brew dill grains in the ratio of a teaspoon to a glass of boiling water. This tea is drunk with milk.
Increase of lactation with cumin
A wonderful folk remedy for increasing milk production is a decoction of cumin. 15 grams of seeds are brewed in hot water, mixed with 2 g of citric acid, sugar. The mixture is boiled over low heat for 5 minutes. After that, the broth should be cooled, filtered and take 0.5 cup 3 times a day.
You can also take 2 tablespoons of cumin seeds, mix them with 2 cups of cream and put in the oven for 30 minutes. The agent should be cooled and drunk 2 times a day for 1 glass.
You can cut into cubes 1 kilogram of rye bread, dry it and lightly fry it. Then the bread is poured 10 liters of boiled water and infused for 3 hours. The resulting beverage is filtered, is mixed. with 25 g of yeast, 500 g of sugar, 3 teaspoons of cumin and insisted in a warm place for 12 hours. This tea should be drunk 2 times a day for 0.5 cup.
Another effective tool is an anise infusion. To do this, take 2 teaspoons of seeds and fill them with a glass of boiling water. The mixture is infused for an hour. Infusion is drunk chilled 3 times a day for 2 tablespoons.
Good reception of dill and sour cream stimulates lactation. In 500 ml of sour cream, mix 2 tablespoons of dill seeds and warm it in a water bath.
Recommendations for the maintenance and stimulation of lactation
Breastfeeding of the baby from breastfeeding
The main task of all lactating women is that they must decide on the time when the baby is weaned from the breast. The first guide is your own physical and emotional well-being of a woman.
How to explain the baby about the completion of breastfeeding? In the beginning, you can dress in closed things and feed the baby to full saturation, so that he does not ask for breast milk. We must calmly tell him that we no longer need to ask for breast. You can lubricate the nipples with lemon juice or bitter mustard. Thus, the baby will understand that sucking the chest is tasteless.
Mostly the baby is weaned from breastfeeding from a few days to a couple of months. It is necessary to prepare for the fact that while he will be upset and cry, so you need to distract him and feed him in time. It is more difficult with night feeding. If the child wakes up at night and cry, you can give him milk, water or tea. It is better to give drink in a mug to reduce the sucking reflex.
Interruption of lactation
In many cases, after weaning the baby from the chest, lactation continues, stretches and hurts the chest. At the same time, you need to use a dense bra made of natural pitted material until the milk production is completely stopped. With pain in the chest, the milk is removed by the breast pump. As a result, lactation begins to stop after a few days. At this time, it is advisable not to eat soups, hot liquid food, and drink tea. It is necessary to limit the intake of liquid until the milk is completely burned in the glands. In this case, the breast will become soft without the presence of seals.
After the end of lactation, it is necessary not to take food for several months, which can restore the production of milk (including beer). Do not worry quietly because of the pain when the milk burns out. To protect against unnecessary emotions, it is best to consult a mammologist. When you stop lactation you can drink soothing infusions of herbs.
Suppression of milk production with medicinal herbs
First of all, when stopping lactation, it is necessary to eliminate excess fluid in the body, which leads to resorption of milk. For this, the diuretic herbs (elecampane, parsley, horsetail, basil, beans, cowberry) are the optimal solution, which should be taken about 7 days.
To stop the production of milk, many women use jasmine, medicinal sage, belladonna.
Some folk recipes, stimulating the stop of milk production
1 method: crushed 2 tablespoons dried leaves of peppermint, poured 2 glasses of hot water and infused for 1 hour. After that, the infusion should be filtered and take 0.5 cup 3 times a day before meals. The drug should be drunk fresh, stored in the refrigerator for no more than 2 days.
2 method: take 2 tablespoons of dry sage leaves, chop them and pour 1.5 cups of boiling water. The mixture must be insisted for an hour and filtered. Infusion is taken 3 times a day for 0.5 cup.
3 method: you need to make a mixture of hop cones, walnut leaves and sage leaves in a ratio of 1: 2: 1. In 200 ml of boiling water brew 2 tablespoons and put for 1 hour. Then the infusion is filtered and used 3 times a day before meals on? glass.
4 method : 5 grams of ground part of the belladonna dissolve in a glass of vodka and infused for a week. After that the drug is filtered and taken three times a day for 5 drops.
To suppress lactation, you can apply a variety of hormonal medications as prescribed by the doctor. Basically, they should be taken from 1 day to 2 weeks. Due to the fact that drugs with hormones can cause adverse reactions in the female body, they should consult a doctor for advice before taking them and take them under the strict supervision of a specialist.