Ketones are substances that are formed as a result of the exchange of fats, proteins, carbohydrates. Ketones are formed in the liver, a small part of them is excreted in the urine, so conventional analysis is not able to determine their presence. Ketones in urine during pregnancy are found quite often. Fortunately, this is not always one of the symptoms of any pathology, however it is recommended to conduct a medical examination.
Ketones in the urine can indicate various diseases and conditions, such as diabetes, gestosis, prolonged fasting, the development of severe infectious processes, thyrotoxicosis. A small amount of ketones in the urine is present against a background of increased physical exertion.
Why are ketones present in the urine during pregnancy?
Ketones in the urine during pregnancy can be observed if a woman consumes foods with a high content of ketogenic substances for a long time, weakly alkaline foods, complies with a carbohydrate diet, if the expectant mother was exposed to alcohol poisoning or poisoning with dangerous substances, infectious diseases, fever, emotional stress, nervous tension also contributes to increasing the level of ketones in the urine.
As a rule, in order to eliminate ketonuria during pregnancy, it is enough to put in order the diet regime, to rest more. If the cause of the presence of ketones in the urine during pregnancy is poisoning, the expectant mother needs hospitalization, carrying out measures aimed at cleansing the body and preventing the consequences.
Ketones in the urine during pregnancy - is it dangerous?
As we have already explained, ketones in the urine can be signaled for diabetes mellitus. Pregnancy is a period in which there is a risk of development, the so-called specific diabetes of pregnant women. This ailment usually disappears on its own after the birth, but during pregnancy it can significantly undermine the health of the developing baby. Therefore, if ketones are found in the urine during pregnancy, first of all, it is very important to exclude diabetes, for this it is necessary to conduct a blood and urine test for glucose.
Gestosis often causes the presence of ketones in the urine during pregnancy. With early toxicosis usually there is no danger, because it passes by itself. But late toxicosis requires the treatment of gestosis.
During pregnancy it is very important to monitor food. This does not mean "to eat for two", just exchange processes are somewhat accelerated, which provokes rapid waste of glucose stores. Therefore, nutrition should be exactly balanced and timely, and not the more and more often - the better.