Zolotuha is an outdated term, which denotes a childhood skin disease that occurs between the ages of one to 10 years. Despite the fact that this disease is childish, it can also occur on the body of an adult. In fact, scrofula is the popular name for two pathologies that have similar symptoms - scrofululosis and exudative diathesis.
Causes of scrofula
The main cause of scrofula is an innate predisposition to allergic reactions that arise in response to the effects of food, bacterial, medicinal and other irritants. The cause of this disease can also be increased sweating in the ears and head.
Among other causes of scrofula can be noted heredity. The appearance of scrofula affected children from age parents, in whose genus such pathologies as tuberculosis intoxication, syphilis or tumor diseases were observed. This pathology can also occur in premature and debilitated children. The main reasons can be attributed to unfavorable living conditions. It is also possible to note other risk factors for the occurrence of scrofula in children:
How is scrofula transmitted?
Given that scrofula is an infectious disease, many parents think that it is transmitted by airborne droplets. Therefore, some mummies, after seeing the baby with yellow crusts, try to protect their child from communicating with such a peer. In fact, such a rash is most often a reaction to dust, sweat, household chemicals and various foods. Therefore, in order to avoid the occurrence of this disease, you should simply protect your child from contact with a possible source of irritation.
Symptoms of scrofula in children and adults
The main symptom of this disease is the appearance of large foci of rashes of different colors. The main signs of scrofula are usually attributed the strongest itch on the scalp and behind the ears. Inflammation of the lymph nodes is another symptom of this disease. Also on the body of the child may appear crusts of a yellowish hue.
In adults, the symptoms of this disease may be somewhat different. First, the skin of an adult person can acquire a purple or bluish-violet hue. Secondly, the tubercular form of scrofula may occur with symptoms such as fever, general weakness, chills and weight loss. With the progression of the disease, open wounds can develop. Thirdly, adults can have inflammation of the mucous membranes, causing the appearance of a cold with purulent discharge. Finally, an adult as well as a child has golden crusts behind the ears, on the face and scalp.
How and what to process a place with scrofula?
In most cases, such preparations as topicrum, Sudokrem or zinc ointment are used to treat the place with scrofula. These drugs soften the skin, and also relieve inflammation and itching. To soften and moisturize the delicate baby skin, you can use drapolene and beponen. If the results are not visible for several days, you should switch to fuchocin cauterization.
To combat the scrofula, you can use the means of traditional medicine. In order to prepare a special ointment for processing the place with scrofula, it is necessary to use:
Obtained ointment should be applied to gauze, folded in several layers. Further, this gauze should be applied to the lesions of the rash.
Another effective way to combat scrofula is to take a strong decoction based on the root of elecampane, a string or chamomile. This broth should be taken three times a day for 1 tablespoon.
What can not be done with scrofula?
First of all, when this disease occurs, it is strictly forbidden to tear off the crusts that have appeared on the body. They can only be processed with special ointments. The appearance of scrofula in a baby breastfed means that the mother should give up any sweets. Also, from the diet of infants should be removed any vegetable food, which can be an allergen. In addition, when scrofula is not recommended:
How is scrofula treated?
In order to begin treatment of scrofula, it is necessary to contact a dermatologist, an allergist or a pediatrician (if the disease occurs in children or adolescents). This disease is treated in a comprehensive manner. Therefore, to solve the problem, it is not enough just to process the ointment of the appeared crusts. For the treatment will also need to improve living conditions and the formation of a proper diet. Particular attention should be given to the diet. Parents should take care that the diet of a sick kid is rich in foods that contain a large number of vitamins A, B, C and D. As mentioned above, the doctor can also assign treatment of affected skin with Bepanten cream, zinc ointment or other drugs with a similar effect.
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Medical preparations for the treatment of scrofula
A medical dermatologist must prescribe a medical product for the treatment of scrofula. Most often, zinc ointment is used to treat this disease. It has an astringent, antiseptic and anti-inflammatory effect. But this ointment has one important contraindication. Due to its strong drying effect, it is not suitable for patients with dry skin.
An alternative to zinc ointment is the cindol. This ointment is effective in treating the papular form of scrofula, which is characterized by the formation of wet wounds. Advantan is considered an extremely effective drug. But it is worth considering that this drug belongs to the category of strong hormonal drugs. Therefore, the use of such a tool is possible only with the advice of a doctor and quite a short period of time.
Sinaflan is another hormone for the treatment of scrofula. The course of treatment with synaflan is usually not more than 10 days.
Folk recipes for the treatment of scrofula
To treat this disease can be used and all sorts of folk remedies. One of the most effective folk recipes for treating scrofula is broth from wheat bran, leaves of black currant, Oak bark, three-parted herbaceous grasses, tricolor violet, of common oregano and inflorescence of millennia .
In order to prepare the broth should be mixed and thoroughly crushed all listed ingredients. Then the resulting mixture should be poured in three liters of boiling water, heated in a water bath for half an hour. After this, the mixture must be filtered and poured into the bath water. The water temperature in the bathroom should not exceed 37 ° С. Reception of such procedure should make 10-15 minutes.
Another popular recipe states that the treatment of scrofula is possible by using juice from the leaves and roots of a large burdock . The resulting juice is externally lubricated by the appearance of wounds and crusts.
To treat this disease, can be used. juice of the cockleberry leaves, as well as rhizomes of airoids iris .
To popular folk remedies, external use of can be attributed. root of medicinal verbena . It must be thoroughly rinsed, boiled and crushed. The product should be applied to the affected areas of the skin.
Finally, to treat scrotala in children it is recommended to make baths with decoction of the oak bark .
Features of treatment of scrofula
As mentioned above, scrofula is a generalized term for two different pathologies - scrofululosis and exudative diathesis. Treatment of these diseases has some differences.
For the treatment of scrofululosis most often used anti-tuberculosis drugs - Isoniazid, Steptomycin, Rifampicin, etc. In some forms of the disease, procedures such as X-ray and radiotherapy, cryodestruction and diathermocoagulation can be performed.
When symptoms of exudative diathesis manifest themselves, antihistamines and antipruritics can be used (Vaseline, Topicrem, Emolium, etc.). To treat this form of scrofula, it is also necessary to identify and eliminate a possible allergen. If the disease worsens, local steroids and immunosuppressive drugs (Mimerolimus, Tacrolimus, etc.) can be used.