It is necessary to distinguish between normal discharges during pregnancy, which, of course, take place, from pathological conditions, when it is necessary to beat an alarm.
The hormone progesterone regulates the activity of the reproductive system of a woman only until the twelfth week of pregnancy, while providing mucosal discharge, which is a symptom of conception. However, already from the thirteenth week of pregnancy, there are abundant secretions, liquefied with estrogen, these are transparent excretions not burdened with any definite unpleasant odor.
Such discharge during pregnancy is characterized by the absence of itching and burning, even with their increase. This is a pure, whitish substance, while they say that there is an intensive allocation of leucorrhoea during pregnancy.
For complete relief from possible discomfort, thin everyday linings are sufficient here. It is preferable to use feminine hygiene products that are odorless during pregnancy, due to the likelihood of allergic reactions to flavoring supplements. Tampons with abundant secretions should not be used, due to the danger of increased multiplication of microbes.
Types of discharge during pregnancy
The color of discharge during pregnancy can vary, and influences on it can vary infection, hormonal background, cervical disease and a number of other irritants, of which the most frequent is candidiasis (thrush). In this case, the extracts acquire a beer-flavored cottage cheese flavor. In pregnancy, the microflora of the vagina becomes sensitive, which leads to increased reproduction of opportunistic microorganisms.
Get away from the signs thrush and abundant secretion is possible using probiotics, the source of which are lactic acid products. And doctors insist on their sufficient use throughout the duration of pregnancy. However, powerful manifestations of candidiasis may require the use and antifungal drugs, the possibility of using which depends on the period of pregnancy.
Watery and transparent discharge occur in pregnancy and bacterial vaginosis, but they are characterized by an unpleasant odor. This disease must be taken seriously, because the dysbacteriosis of the vagina increases the risk of premature birth.
When hormonal changes affect the cervical epithelium, may occur. erosion of, which is also characterized by abundant secretions, and their bloody nature makes the colors from the yellow to brown discharge the substance. Inspection at a gynecologist is mandatory here, at least with the goal of excluding more dangerous diagnoses.
There are also very abnormal discharge during pregnancy, which should cause unequivocal alarm. Many women experience when finding yellow or beige excretions during pregnancy, but the reason for changing the color of the secret may be just a lack of hormones in the early stages. In such cases, the doctor gives a direction for the analysis of blood for progesterone and in case of danger of interruption hormones are usually used and rest is prescribed.
Yellow discharge without a smell should not cause concern, and pink discharge doctors are also considered normal, however, you should not make a diagnosis yourself.
Bloody discharge during pregnancy
Among the dangerous include spotting during pregnancy, especially if they occur against the background of pulling pain in the lower abdomen. These may be signs of either an ectopic pregnancy, or a threat of interruption, it remains elevated until about the fourteenth week. An additional manifestation of severe pains, dizziness, nausea and a drop in pressure, says only one thing - it is urgent to call an ambulance. Ultrasound will give an accurate diagnosis and, if doctors do not determine an ectopic pregnancy, the timely call of medical care will save the life of the fetus.
As for the second trimester, bloody discharge, if possible, is extremely rare. This is a symptom of placenta previa, when it overlaps the inner throat of the uterus. Such discharge during pregnancy becomes more noticeable with increased physical exertion and too abrupt movements, but pain is almost not felt.
However, in the third trimester it is possible, both placenta previa and its detachment, in which bloody discharge significantly increases, and the woman needs urgent hospitalization.
Such bleeding can manifest itself in the first half of pregnancy, its source is the blood vessels of the uterus, and the fetus does not lose blood, but the danger lies in its insufficient supply of oxygen, and in the future it is fraught with the vices of its development. Here you need to carefully monitor the doctor, a complete departure from physical and mental stress, and then the woman usually is in the hospital until the very birth.
During pregnancy, a woman should pay special attention to her body, including watching for secretions, which in some cases can give an alarming picture of a particular problem, but only the doctor should understand them. Particular danger is represented by spotting.