Abortion in early pregnancy: ways. What are the consequences of

Abortive intervention in the first pregnancy. - this is a very complex decision that can affect the rest of your life.

A potential mother faces a painful choice - to leave the child or this choice is very difficult for her.

When it comes time to decide whether to terminate a pregnancy or not, any girl faces a difficult choice problem, and reflects on what step in her life to make.

Circumstances in life are different, the child is not desirable in all situations.

For example, depends on the condition of conception - it can occur as a result of rape.

In addition, abortion in some circumstances is a compulsory measure.

Abortions are of two types:

  • surgical;

  • medicamentous.

  • We will get acquainted with the positive and negative aspects of these manipulations, and the timing of the necessary procedures.

    Abortion at the beginning of pregnancy

    Pregnancy develops over time, the fetus is growing and developing, and there is a certain period of time, when a woman has the right to interrupt the process of fetal development with the use of surgical techniques in a small operating room. This period should not be more than three months.

    The surgical operation consists in the process of extracting the fetal egg of the unborn child from the pregnant uterus with the help of surgical instruments.

    The patient is previously treated with analgesic therapy by intravenous medication for anesthesia.

    If the gestation period is not more than twenty-five days, that is, the girl noticed the absence of menstruation for the first time, she is given an ultrasound examination, which is confirmed by pregnancy.

    If the future mother decided to do abortion, at such an early period, it can be vacuum-aspirated. This procedure is considered a mini-abortion, it does not require surgical incisions, and the fetus is removed from the uterus using a special vacuum device.

    It should be noted that all surgical methods of abortion are not absolutely safe, after them complications that affect the health of girls can occur.

    Pregnancy is a natural process inherent in nature, and its interruption can not be completely safe. Due to what any abortion will be a risk to the health of women.


    Complications after abortion surgically

    Abortion with surgical interventions can lead to a number of different complications, which can be expressed as follows:

  • Injuries of the mucous membranes of the cervix, and the structure of the organ itself at the time of surgical manipulation of the instruments used. Possible rupture of the uterine wall. This can lead to injuries to nearby organs: the bladder, intestine, and the like.

  • There may be bleeding due to the fact that during the abortion the uterine cavity is mechanically damaged; therefore the uterus may contain germ particles;

  • As a result of an abortion, a clotting disorder is possible. When opening bleeding requires additional surgery. You will need to perform a complete audit of the uterus and free it from foreign particles, as well as an audit of surrounding organs, to eliminate the possibility of perforation of the uterine wall and the possibility of injuries.

  • The emergence of hematomas - the process of accumulation of blood clots inside the uterus because of a bad outflow of blood. This phenomenon can be associated with cervical spasm. First, prescribed medication, or if it is ineffective in the presence of medical indications (the temperature rise, the deterioration of blood parameters) hold additional surgical procedures in which extend the cervix and clots are removed.

  • The onset of inflammation of the uterus and its appendages.

  • Appearance of complications after anesthesia.

  • There is a risk of infection with hematogenous diseases: hepatitis and HIV infection. Of course, such a risk is present not only with abortion, but also with other surgical manipulations.

  • In addition, there may be other complications after the abortion:

  • inflammation of the genitals;

  • a failure in the operation of the ovaries after a previous operation leads to a violation of the menstrual cycle and, as a consequence, problems with repeated conception;

  • development of ectopic pregnancy due to impaired patency of the fallopian tubes due to adhesive process;

  • formation of secondary infertility;

  • risk of miscarriages in subsequent pregnancies;

  • the next pregnancy and birth can take place with the development of anomalies;

  • During the birth process, profuse bleeding may occur;

  • development of post abortion syndrome, change in the mental state of a woman in connection with a previous abortion.

  • Abortion with the use of medicines

    Successful replacement of surgical procedures for abortion is considered the use of medication to stop pregnancy. Because of various unpleasant moments, abortion with the use of medications is becoming more popular.

    Even in ancient times, medical abortion was practiced during the first pregnancy. Previously, this process was performed by sorcerers and herbalists with the help of special infusions and herbal decoctions. At present, modern synthetic and semi-synthetic preparations are used. Such drugs as Mifepiston, Mifegin, etc.

    The drug Mifepristone was developed in France in the seventies and eighties of the twentieth century. In 1985 the drug began to be used for the stimulation of miscarriages of drugs During the process of medical abortion using Mifepistona it is combined with prostaglandins for uterine contractions.

    Mifepristone is called Mifegin, Mifeprex, RU-486. In its chemical form, the drug refers to hormonal steroid preparations of synthetic origin. This substance blocks the sensitivity of special receptors located in the uterus to the hormone progesterone, whose function in the body is the management of the pregnancy process. Due to the lack of progesterone, the development of the fetal egg stops, it dies and leaves the ancestral receptacle independently. During the internal organs and relaxes the throat opening of the cervix, increasing its contractile function, due to which displays the ovum.

    In addition to many supporters, medical abortion also has many opponents. In the nineteen ninety-first year, there were mass events organized by the National Organization for the Protection of the Right to Life of the USA, under the leadership of John Willke. But, despite such activities, abortion with the use of medications is becoming more popular. According to statistics carried out in 2006 in France, more than 70% of abortions in this country were performed with the use of medicines. In Switzerland and Sweden, more than half of women who had abortions used this method, in Belgium 30% in Finland, and 25% in the same USA.

    In the territory of the post-Soviet space, abortion with the use of medications has not been very widely used due to the fact that the female half of the country does not like to use medicines affecting the hormonal background, namely such drugs are necessary for medical abortion. These drugs can affect the weight of a woman, which is also an important factor. Synthetic hormonal drugs have not been recognized yet when trying to introduce a method of hormonal contraception. In addition, the risk of using hormonal drugs is also in their pathogenicity and negative impact on the human body. Preparations of this group by their action can cause the growth and development of cancer cells.

    But, despite all the unfavorable moments of medical abortion, many girls choose this method at the first pregnancy due to its lightness, positive result and more substantial safety.