Urticaria - a disease that is inherently allergic and toxic.
It manifests as itchy rashes on the skin, sometimes on the mucous membranes.
There are varieties of urticaria:
Symptoms and signs of hives
Acute hives manifest suddenly, characterized by the appearance of a very itchy rash of different sizes. Blisters can merge into fairly large areas.
Symptoms of urticaria are shown in:
May affect the mucous membranes of the tongue, lips, soft palate, larynx, nasopharynx, making it difficult to swallow and breath. In acute urticaria, the rash does not last long, the disease itself lasts several days. The cause of acute urticaria is a food or drug allergy. There is a form of acute urticaria caused by mechanical skin irritation.
Acute limited edema Quincke (giant urticaria, angioedema) is manifested by the sudden appearance of a limited edema of the skin, mucous membrane and subcutaneous fatty tissue (lips, eyelids, cheeks, genital organs, etc.). Usually, after several hours or a couple of days, the swelling subsides, however, relapse is possible. If the edema develops in the larynx, asphyxia and stenosis are possible.
Chronic recurrent urticaria - a consequence of prolonged sensitization caused by foci of chronic infections in the body (tonsillitis, adnexitis, caries), abnormalities in the work of the liver, gastrointestinal tract, etc. Chronic urticaria has a seizure and less abundant rashes than the acute. The appearance of the rash is accompanied by general weakness, fever, joint pain, headache, with lesions of the gastrointestinal mucosa - nausea, vomiting, diarrhea. Patients suffer from itching, leading to insomnia and neurotic disorders.
Persistent papular urticaria develops during the transition of urticaria rashes to the stage of papules. In this case, to persistent limited edema of the skin, hyperkeratosis and acanthosis are added. More often this form of urticaria is sick by women.
Treatment of allergy
To cure the disease, you need to know the causes of hives. If you suspect any allergic disease, the patient is referred for allergic examination (skin tests, biochemical blood test). In difficult cases it is necessary to consult other specialists (gastroenterologist, endocrinologist, rheumatologist, psychoneurologist, otolaryngologist), to conduct helminth and deworming studies when they are detected.
For the treatment of urticaria prescribe sedatives and antihistamines. For adjustment of metabolic processes - iron preparations, vitamins of group B. At strong exacerbation of disease do intramuscular or intravenous injection tavegila. In severe cases, glucocorticoids and histaglobin treatment are prescribed.
Diet with urticaria greatly facilitates the course of the disease. The patient, regardless of the causes of urticaria, is prescribed a hypoallergenic diet that excludes probable food allergens (honey, chocolate, coffee, nuts, fish products). The consumption of table salt is reduced, salt products are excluded (smoked sausage products, smoked and salted fish, cheese, salted vegetables, fish caviar, etc.). To improve the taste, you can use sour sauces, spicy vegetables. If there is no allergy to milk, enrich the diet with dairy products, as sources of calcium (cottage cheese, sour milk drinks, sour cream).