Edema of the Quincke. Causes of edema and its primary symptoms

Edema of the Quincke Is the result of a powerful and life-threatening allergic reaction, when suddenly there is an extensive swelling of the skin, subcutaneous tissue, muscles. It can happen at any age. Every tenth had at least once experienced such a state.

Quincke's edema still has names: giant urticaria, angioedema, angioedema.

Almost 50% of the angioedema occurs simultaneously with hives.

Location of angioedema Quincke

Edema can appear on the lips, eyelids, scrotum, as well as the mucous membranes of the mouth, respiratory tract, gastrointestinal tract, urogenital region. Especially dangerous is the growing laryngeal edema with acute respiratory failure, the patient in this case can simply suffocate and the doctor needs to be treated immediately. His symptoms are hoarseness, barking cough, progressive suffocation.

Swelling of the gastrointestinal mucosa can cause acute abdominal pathology, and is manifested by disorders, sharp abdominal pain, increased intestinal peristalsis.

The defeat of the urogenital tract can affect the sharp retention of urine.

Dangerous and swelling on the face, because of the possibility of joining the process of the meninges and symptoms while it is dizziness, nausea, vomiting (Meniere's syndrome).

Causes of edema of Quincke

Causes of edema of Quincke In a quarter of the cases of Klinka edema, the cause is hereditary factors (deficiency of the C1-inhibitor), in a third of cases the cause of the disease can not be established. The rest has medicinal and food allergies, insect bites, worms and protozoa, blood diseases and autoimmune phenomena.

The main symptoms of Quincke edema are, as a rule, painless local edema of the skin, adipose tissue and /or mucous membrane, and sometimes there is a sensation of raspiraniya skin. The formation is dense, with palpation leaves no traces, the color of the skin over the edema is preserved.

Possible and preventive actions, but only if the causes of edema of Quincke are established. , for example, with a drug or food allergy, you must avoid taking the allergen.

Quincke edema and its diagnosis

When performing the diagnosis, factors that initiate the appearance of Quincke's edema are identified. (Admission of certain products, medicines, etc.). This relationship can be confirmed by skin allergic tests, or by finding special immunoglobulins E in the blood.

In addition, to investigate the causes of the edema of Quincke, a blood test is performed and the biochemical parameters of blood, urine are analyzed, the C1 inhibitor is analyzed, autoimmune reactions, intestinal and blood diseases are excluded, and the helminth and protozoa are examined.

For the treatment of the hereditary form of the edema of Quincke use drugs that enhance the production of the C1 inhibitor in the body, but it must be remembered that these drugs can be used only as directed by a doctor.

In cases where the cause of the edema of Quincke can not be determined, try an extended use of modern antiallergic drugs, such as Claritin, Erius, Telfast, Zirtek. When there is a threat of asphyxia due to the laryngeal edema, glucocorticoids and adrenaline are used.

Apply and NAZAVAL - fine cellulose powder, which protects against allergies to dust, pollen of plants, etc. It forms a film inside the nose, which detains when inhaling all foreign impurities.