Anemia (in translation from Greek - anemia) has other names - anemia, pale insomnia, chlorosis. The disease is quite common. It means the process of reducing the amount of hemoglobin and red blood cells of erythrocytes in the blood. Anemia is diagnosed if the blood lacks the main component of hemoglobin - iron. A unique component of iron, being a natural oxidant, does not oxidize oxygen, but, on the contrary, helps to saturate tissues and organs with oxygen, so vital. In other words, iron participates in the processes of hematopoiesis and plays an important role in tissue respiration. The composition of the molecule of hemoglobin and myoglobin includes iron ions, staining the blood in red.
What are the causes of anemia?
The reasons, and the most diverse, are quite numerous. Anemia often occurs in young female individuals who engage in sports or any other physical activity and who do not receive a full and varied diet. Such young people suffer from anemia due to lack of sun. In children, anemia develops against the background of helminthic intoxication, which is able to depress hemopoiesis in general and the production of red blood cells in particular. Pregnant women also have anemia . It is related to the fact that the metabolism in the body of a pregnant woman changes, the need for calcium and iron increases, as well as in biological building materials - carbohydrates, proteins, fats. Anemia can be associated with a large loss of blood. For example, copious monthly, especially against the background of fibroids of the uterus and other similar diseases, give a strong bleeding. Another example is internal bleeding due to a stomach ulcer or hemorrhoidal bleeding. All these deviations and diseases lead eventually to relative anemia, in which the amount of hemoglobin, platelets, and iron in the blood decreases sharply, and blood coagulability also decreases. It can cause anemia shortage of vitamin B12 which plays a very important role in hematopoiesis. Lack of this vitamin does not allow the body to absorb iron, supplied with food. The inability of the digestive system to fully digest the food ingested (that is, the presence of gastritis, colitis, gastroduodenitis) can contribute to the onset of anemia.
What triggers iron deficiency anemia?
Deficiency of iron can be provoked: nosebleeds, loss of blood during hemodialysis, uncontrolled donation, vegetarian, increased need for iron in the period of breastfeeding, syndrome of malabsorption, amyloidosis of the intestine, chronic enteritis, resection of the small intestine, etc. The daily rate of iron intake in food is:
for women 15 mg, for pregnant women 30 mg, for men 12 mg.