Deficiency Vitamins C: Causes, Symptoms. How to treat

Vitamin C It is not synthesized in the body by itself, but enters it with food. Deficiency of ascorbic acid in the early stages are not classified as serious problems. But the consequences that hypovitaminosis carries in itself can cause dangerous pathological changes in the body and cause irreparable harm to human health.

A sad result of the lack of vitamin C is always the development of such a serious disease as scurvy, in which the production of collagen, the main structural protein that forms connective tissue, is disrupted. This leads to fragility of the vessels, hemorrhage into the joints and skin, to the destruction and loss of teeth.

Causes of Vitamin C deficiency

  • Non-compliance with dosage or violation of the timing of the intake of acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin), which reduces the optimal amount of vitamin C in the body.

  • Unbalanced nutrition and reduced intake of foods containing ascorbic acid. These can be herbal products (dog rose, citrus fruits, black currants, cabbage, carrots, green onions) and animals (liver, brain, meat).

  • Excessive passion for alcoholic beverages. The systematic use of alcohol leads to improper absorption of ascorbic acid and neutralizes the effect it exerts on the body.

  • Acute renal failure, which necessitated the use of a blood purification procedure. The danger of this method is the active excretion of nutrients, including vitamins, from the body. Therefore, after hemodialysis, it is recommended to compensate for their deficiency.

  • The need to increase the daily requirements of vitamins (pregnancy, breastfeeding, thyroid disease, excessive stress on the body, viral infections).

  • Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, which breaks the absorption of the vitamin through the intestinal mucosa.

  • The period of reconvalescence after severe diseases

  • Deformation of the skin due to burns and injuries.

  • Abuse of diets. Malnutrition leads to violations of metabolic processes and intestinal disorders, which adversely affects health in general.

  • Differences in temperature and acclimatization can cause vitamin C deficiency.

  • The syndrome of chronic fatigue, lack of sleep or insomnia can also provoke a deficiency of ascorbic acid.

  • Nicotine addiction promotes the washing away of the vitamin from the body.

  • Signs of vitamin C deficiency

    Lack of ascorbic acid can be a catalyst for the development of symptoms of hypovitaminosis:

  • Decrease in protective functions of the body and weakening of the immune system, as a result of which, subject to hypovitaminosis, becomes vulnerable to various viruses and pathogens.

  • Change of skin. The skin begins to peel off, becomes dry, loses its ability to regenerate quickly with injuries such as wounds, cuts and burns.

  • Reduces the strength and elasticity of blood vessels, can cause bleeding gums or bleeding from the nasal cavity. This is the first sign of the development of scurvy symptoms.

  • Decline of strength, dizziness, general weakness of the body.

  • Decreased vitality.

  • The state of apathy, followed by flashes of irritability.

  • Unstable emotional background and depressive disorders.

  • Fragility, hair loss.

  • Poor environmental conditions. This can also include harmful conditions in the workplace, if the work is associated with toxic substances, poisons and chemicals.

  • Loss of appetite and, as a result, reduction in body weight.

  • Painful sensations in the muscles or joint aches.

  • Decreased hemoglobin level in the blood, the probability of developing signs of anemia.

  • Exacerbation of chronic diseases.


    Diagnosis of vitamin C deficiency

    Diagnosis of vitamin C deficiency includes three stages:

  • Patient complaint investigation.

  • Visual inspection by a specialist.

  • Carrying out of the biochemical analysis of the blood, helping to reveal a deficiency of vitamin C.

  • Treatment of vitamin C deficiency

    Exposed hypovitaminosis, first of all, it is necessary to change the diet, including products with a high content of ascorbic acid. It is recommended to consume fresh vegetables, fruits in large quantities, meat and other animal by-products, which contain a sufficient concentration of vitamin.

    Medications in combination with proper nutrition will help to fill the deficiency of ascorbic and eliminate the symptoms of the disease.

    Medicines prescribed by a doctor can be in the form of tablets or in the form of a dragee. Recommended dosage is from 50 to 100 g per day. High efficacy in the treatment of hypovitaminosis have been proved by infusions of rose hips and tea with the addition of lemon.

    In the treatment of vitamin C deficiency, the drug is intensively used. cevicape - a solution of ascorbic acid, released in the form of drops. The vitamin medication has a metabolic effect on the body. It is administered to the patient through the mouth in parallel with meals. One drop of the solution contains 5 mg of vitamin C. It is suitable for adults and young children, including those who were just born and did not receive nutrients necessary for the harmonious development during the pregnancy. Children zevikap diluted with water or any other liquid and injected during feeding. The daily dose of the drug is recommended to be divided into several doses during the day.

    Cervicap may also act as a preventive agent for preventing the development of symptoms of hypovitaminosis. In this case, newborns and toddlers are prescribed 5-8 drops per day for a year, which corresponds to 25-40 g of the drug solution. Older children falling into the category of 2 to 11 years, increase the dosage to 10 drops. This is 50 g of cervicap. To teenagers from 12 to 17 years the recommended dose of 15-20 drops. This corresponds to 75-100 g of vitamin.

    If the drug is used to treat an already occurring vitamin deficiency, the listed dosages increase by 2 and sometimes by 5 times. It depends on the stage of the disease and on how much it is necessary to replenish the missing ascorbic acid in the body.

    Contraindications to the use of cervicap:

  • individual intolerance of components in the formulation,

  • hypersensitivity to ascorbic acid.

  • Widely used and multivitamin preparations, which include several types of various vitamins, including vitamin C, as well as mineral and organic compounds.

    Pharmaceutical industry provides consumers with a huge range of medicines to combat diseases associated with avitaminosis:

  • ginvit,

  • biovital,

  • Berroc,

  • hexavite,

  • Supralin,

  • indivit,

  • aerovit,

  • quadevite,

  • other vitaminized products.

  • Vitrum is a worthy analogue to many medications. A multivitamin complex in the form of tablets is prescribed for adults and adolescents who have reached the age of 12 years. It is recommended to use 1 tablet once a day, preferably after a meal.

    Contraindicated in patients with individual intolerance of components in the composition of vitrum components, and with a deficiency in the body of vitamin A.

    Pregnant women, as in the lactation period, should consult a doctor before use.

    In addition to vitamin therapy, the treatment program includes physical methods, such as UV, diathermy, and exercise therapy (for the development of joint function).

    Hypovitaminosis - a disease that is divided into severity, depending on the neglect of pathological processes in the body. There are 3 stages of vitamin deficiency.

  • 1 stage. It is characterized by a slight vitamin C deficiency. The symptomatology of the disease is absent or weakly expressed. There may be weakness, headaches, lethargy and depression of the patient. Appointed drug treatment. The doctor prescribes tablets or, if deterioration occurs, 5% solution of ascorbic acid intramuscularly for 1-2 ml. The complex also uses drugs based on vitamin P (quercetin, antistax, corvitin, venza, endothelon, calcium dobezilate, rutin and others).

  • 2 stage. The disease begins to actively progress. Outpatient treatment, applied at stage 1 becomes ineffective, so the patient is assigned to undergo therapy in the hospital. The patient is assigned a balanced diet, which should contain between 120 and 150 grams of protein per day.

  • 3 stage. Schella III degree. Severe degree of the disease, represented by a pronounced symptomatology. The dosage of ascorbic acid is increased to 1 g per day, depending on the individual characteristics of the patient. At this stage, a 5% solution of sodium salt is administered in combination with glucose, which is injected through the venous system. This increases the effectiveness of drugs, and significantly reduces the time of onset of the expected therapeutic effect.

  • The duration of treatment of hypovitaminosis is about a month. To avoid recurrence of the disease, the patient must independently maintain the necessary level of vitamins in his body. Therapy in children lasts about a month.

    Preventive maintenance of deficiency With

    Observations of patients and clinical trials revealed the optimal daily rate of ascorbic acid for the body.

    Following the following recommendations will prevent the risk of hypovitaminosis and eliminate the negative consequences in the future:

  • The daily norm of vitamin C for a healthy person is 0.1 g.

  • The daily norm for pregnant women increases four-fold and is 0.4 g.

  • The daily norm for a woman during breast-feeding is 0.6 g

  • The use of ascorbic acid:

  • He takes an active part in the synthesis of collagen, promotes the strengthening of bone, muscle and cartilaginous tissues;

  • Affects the regeneration processes occurring in the body. Thanks to this, recovery from injuries, bruises, fractures and surgeries is faster.

  • Increases the level of hemoglobin, prevents anemia.

  • Refers to natural antioxidants. Protects the body from the negative effects of free radicals. Reduces the activity of heavy metals. It releases toxic substances, slags and harmful salts from the body.

  • Increases the processes of hemostasis (coagulability of the blood).

  • Has anti-inflammatory and antiallergic effects.

  • Normalizes metabolic processes in the body.

  • Increases immunity resistance, activates protective mechanisms.

  • Beneficial effect on cardiovascular activity.

  • It significantly reduces the risk of oncological diseases.

  • Harm of ascorbic acid:

  • Causes intoxication of the body when consumed in large quantities.

  • Can lead to exacerbation of diseases of the intestinal tract and ulcerative processes - the acid contained in vitamin C irritates the gastric mucosa.

  • It creates an additional burden on the kidneys, so it is contraindicated in large doses to people with diseases in this area.

  • Causes allergy symptoms with increased sensitivity.

  • The use of ascorbic acid, which has a similar composition with glucose, is contraindicated in people suffering from diabetes mellitus

  • Adherence to unbalanced diets that are not able to provide the body with the necessary nutrients for its normal functioning, emotional and psychological overloads, negligent attitude to one's health and abuse of harmful habits, significantly reduce the body's defensive reactions and make it vulnerable to aggressive environmental influences. Weakened immunity is not able to protect the body from contact with carriers of infections, bacteria and viruses.

    Vitamin C in sufficient amounts can contribute to increasing resistance and increase vitality. For this it is only necessary to carefully treat the signals of your body and take preventive measures with the first symptoms of hypovitaminosis.